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2021年高考英语冠词满分专题讲义

2020-08-07 18:12| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

冠词的考查几乎每年都有一两道题,而且基本都设两空。一般情况下,试题的情景较为曲折,句式以复合句为主。另外,在短文改错和语法填空中也常常涉及冠词的考查。考查要点主要包括:
1.考查定冠词和不定冠词的基本用法。
2.考查定冠词和不定冠词的特殊用法。抽象名词具体化前冠词的使用情况、比较级前冠词的使用情况。
3.考查冠词的泛指、特指、类指和专指用法。
4.考查零冠词的运用。另外,还涉及很多冠词与名词的固定搭配。
复习冠词须把握好以下三个原则:
(1)单数可数名词用不定冠词a/an表示泛指;
(2)复数可数名词及不可数名词表示泛指时,其前不加冠词;
(3)无论可数名词还是不可数名词,表示特指时,其前都要加定冠词the。
“两招”解语法填空题
一.根据泛指或特指选择冠词
如果空格后的名词或“形容词十名词”前没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词时很可能填冠词。
1.如果空格及后面的名词可翻译成“一个(本、种等)”,一般填a/an。如果可翻译成“这/那个,这/那些”一般填the;
2.如果名词后有of短语、不定式、分词或从句等作定语时很可能填the。
思路点拨
1. She stayed up until eleven thirty one evening on purpose just to see moonlight.
2. In Chinese culture, each year is related to Chinese animal according to the 12-year cycle.
3. He not only is the best student in our class, but also has excellent sense of humour and a genuine interest in other people.
4. Like many other universities at that time, Harvard at the early stage often ran into financial crisis.
5. Dinosaurs died out because of unexpected incident.
6. The "Spider story"is often told. Robert Bruce, leader of the Scots in 13th century, was hiding in a cave from the English.
二.根据固定句式或固定搭配选择冠词
英语中有很多带有冠词的固定句式或短语,记住这些句式和短语也有利于解决此类问题。
思路点拨
7. As matter of fact, there are two trophies(奖杯)in history.
8. For most individuals, as result of eating foods rich in fats and sugar several years, they choose to go on a diet but do not succeed at the end.
9. He smiled back as if to give me a receipt and I would preserve his smile for long time.
10. It is also a cultural between Xishuangbanna and Southeast Asian countries that share same festival culture of water-splashing.
11. I usually go to my workplace coffee shop to place order, but this Wednesday, it was slightly different.
12.At same time, great progress made in science and technology was really amazing.
短文改错解题“4视角”
一.注意单词首字母的音素
看到读音以辅音素开头的名词要想到应用不定冠词a;看到读音以元音素开头的名词要想到应用不定冠词an。
思路点拨
1. Last but not least, we should take a active part in sports and build up our body.
2. Besides, this will be my first experience to participate in such a activity.
二.明确特指与泛指
如果名词表示特指,则应用定冠词the,泛指用a/an。
思路点拨
3.On entering the flat, you will find yourself in the sitting room. To be honest, a sitting room is my favourite part.
4.Zhang Wei was watching TV while his father was preparing dinner in the kitchen on an evening of January 9th.
5.It is the great honour for me to take part in the volunteer work, and I learn the significance of helping others.
三.掌握可数与不可数
看到单数可数名词要想到是否少用了冠词;看到不可数名词表示泛指要想到是否多用了冠词。
 
思路点拨
6.It started when teacher set up a volleyball club in our school, hoping that more students would take part in the sport and keep fit.
7. Last summer vacation, I worked in restaurant.
8. The blogs serves as open platform where you can do lots of things.
四.记熟固定搭配
牢记含冠词的固定搭配,确定冠词的增与删。
思路点拨
9. Though there are a lot of changes,the great number of men still guard their rights.
10. Mr Yang found me and apologized to me for his sharp words next day.
11. With his help, we have made a great progress.
12. When the landlady discovered what had happened, she decided to do him favor.
 

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