? 2021年高考英语副词形容词专题讲义【转自秒词邦高考英语核心单词微信小程序】_秒词邦官网

2021年高考英语副词形容词专题讲义【转自秒词邦高考英语核心单词微信小程序】

2020-08-07 18:57| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

往年考查的重点是形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的用法。近三年来考点开始涉及多个形容词作前置定语的排列顺序、形容词及形容词短语作状语,形容词和副词的词义比较和具体运用。要复习好这一块的知识,考生不仅要弄清其词形、词义、功能等基础知识,还要掌握同义词辨析和一词多义等重点知识。
一、形容词和副词的基本构成和用法
1.形容词和副词的基本构成
(1)规则变化
(1)不规则变化
 
2.形容词在句中的作用。
注意:(1)alone/afraid/asleep/awake/alive/ashamed/ill/well(身体好)等常用作表语而不用作定语。如:
He is an ill man.(错)
The man is ill.(对)
She is an afraid girl.(错)
The girl is afraid.(对)
(2)two­year­old/200­metre­long/one­thousand­word等复合形容词中的名词要用单数,一般只用作前置定语。如:
Tom is a two­year­old boy.
二、常用连接性副词的用法
三、形容词、副词的比较级及最高级
四、比较级的修饰词
常见的修饰词有much,a lot,a great deal,far,even,a bit, a little, any(否定句、疑问句中),具体的数据等。
He is much taller than Yao Ming.
他比姚明高多了。
但是very/quite/fairly一般不用来修饰比较级;最高级常用by far/much或序数词作状语。如:
The population of China is by far the largest in the world.
Africa is the second largest continent.
五、几种带有否定词的比较句型
(1)no better than表示“和……一样;实际等于……”。例如:
The patient is no better than he was yesterday.
病人的情况和昨天一样(不好)。学&科网
(2)no more...than表示“同……一样不”。例如:
A whale is no more a fish than a horse is.
鲸和马都不是鱼。
(3)no less... than表示“和……一样;不逊于”。例如:
The technique of writing is no less difficult than that of the other arts.
写作技巧和其他艺术技巧一样困难。
六.比较级表达最高级含义
(1)“否定词+比较级”有最高级的含义。
Your story is perfect;I've never heard a better one before。
你的故事太完美了,我从来没有听到比这更好听的故事。
(2)比较级在以下几种句式中均表示最高级含义。
比较级+than+any other+单数名词
比较级+than+all the other+复数名词
比较级+than+anyone else
比较级+than+any of the other+复数名词
比较级+than+the rest of+复数名词或不可数名词
例如:朱莉娅是她班上最高的女生。(一句多译)
①Julia is taller than any other girl in her class.
②Julia is taller than all the other girls in her class.
③Julia is taller than any of the other girls in her class.
④Julia is taller than the rest of girls in her class.
⑤Julia is the tallest girl in her class.
七、倍数表达法
1.A is+倍数+比较级+than+B
2.A is+倍数+as+原级+as+B
3.A is+倍数+the+名词(size,length,height等)+of+B
4.the+名词(size,length,height等)+of A is+倍数+that+of+B
5.A is+倍数+what引导的名词性从句
长江是珠江的三倍长。(一句多译)
①The Yangtze River is twice longer than the Pearl River.
②The Yangtze River is three times as long as the Pearl River.
③The Yangtze River is three times the length of the Pearl River.
④The length of the Yangtze River is three times that of the Pearl River.
八、形容词作定语时的位置
1.通常置于所修饰的词之前,但不定代词的定语通常在后面。如:
Someone strange is asking to see you.
Something unexpected happened and we had to make some changes to our plan.
2.else常放在不定代词和疑问代词后面作定语。如:
No one else can answer the question.
3.多个形容词作定语时的词序为:大小、长短高低形状/年龄、新旧颜色/来源、国籍、地区、出处/材料/用途。如:
an expensive Japanese sports car, those three beautiful large square old brown wood table.
“3招”破解语法填空解题
1.利用提示词
(1)看到提示词在名词前作定语、在系动词后作表语,或在宾语后作宾补,要想到用形容词;
(2)看到提示词修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子作状语时,要想到用副词。
思路点拨
1. In some (crowd) cities, the car has polluted the air so badly that people get sick just from breathing it.
2. E-hongbao is (actual) a kind of lucky money from and to relatives and friends during festivals or on special occasions.
2.利用标志词
(1)若是两者之间相比,且空格后有than,要想到用形容词或副词的比较级;
(2)and,or,but等并列连词连接的平行结构,如果其中之是比较级,要想到另一并列成分也应用比较级;
(3)注意使用比较等级的固定搭配或句型,如:
①the+比较级…,the+比较级
②the+最高级+标志性词语或从句
思路点拨
3. The (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit.
4. Technology is getting better and (cheap).
5.During the end of the 19th century and the beginning of 20th century,Beijing Opera finally formed and became the (big) of all operas in China.
6. Road safety has aroused (wide) attention of the public than before.
3.利用修饰语
(1)看到修饰语much, still, even,far,a lot, a little,a great deal,(by)far,a bit等以及百分数,要想到比较级;
(2)看到修饰语 by far, nearly, almost, by no means,not really以及序数词等,要想到最高级。
思路点拨
7.In fact, people are much (close) to dogs in a way than to cows, pigs or even horses.
8. Please don't misunderstand me. But don't you think we should take things a bit (easy), darling?
9. Of the two lectures, the first was by far the (good)partly because the speaker had an extraordinary style.
10. It might have made it a little (hard) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn't stop the kids in the class.
短文改错解题“3关注”
1.关注比较范围
如果是两者之间的比较,则用比较级;如果是三者或三者以上的比较,则用最高级。
思路点拨
1. Since his family was rich than mine, he had more toys than I did.
2. And if you decide to take Dr. Klein's advice, you can make yourself even happy by recommending the technique to others.
3. I even have a large vocabulary than before.
4.But he stays outside the list of the world's 10 rich people.
2.关注搭配句式
看含有比较等级的固定搭配和句式是否准确。
思路点拨
5. The more I learn English, the easy it becomes.
6. To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Mary.
7. Therefore, I was determined not to let him down any long.
3.关注常见副词的用法
思路点拨
8. First, it's an activity concerned with all parts of my body which is quite a good way for me to keep fit. Beside, it's an activity I can enjoy whatever the weather is like except when it rains heavily.
9.Water is very important to us, without which there would be no life. Therefore, some people don't turn the tap off at once after using it.
10. I lived in my hometown ten years before.

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