2020-01-30 13:30| 发布者: | 查看: |

Text 22  The Plaza Theater will be a memory
Minutes after the last movie ended yesterday at the Plaza Theater, employees were busy sweeping up popcorns and gathering coke cups. It was a scene that had been repeated many times in the theater’s 75-year history. This time, however, the cleanup was a little different. As one group of workers carried out the rubbish, another group began removing seats and other theater equipment in preparation for the building’s end.
The film classic The Last Picture Show was the last movie shown in the old theater. Though the movie is 30 years old, most of the 250 seats were filled with teary-eyed audience wanting to say good-be to the old building. Theater owner Ed Bradford said he chose the movie because it seemed appropriate. The movie is set in a small town where the only movie theater is preparing to close down.
Bradford said that large modern theaters in the city made it impossible for the Plaza to compete. He added that the theater’s location(位置) was also a reason. “This used to be the center of town,” he said. “Now the area is mostly office buildings and warehouses.”
Last week some city officials suggested the city might be interested in turning the old theater into a museum and public meeting place. However, these plans were abandoned because of financial problems. Bradford sold the building and land to a local development firm, which plans to build a shopping complex on the land where the theater is located.
The theater audience said good-by as Bradford locked the doors for the last time. After 75 years the Plaza Theater has shown its last movie. The theater will be missed.
【原文来源:2017年全国高考统一考试全国卷III 阅读B篇】
第22篇 这个老剧院将成为历史
在这座老剧院里上映的最后一部电影是非常经典的《最后一场电影》。虽然这部电影已有30年历史,但这里250个座位的大部分都被占满了,座位上的观众泪眼朦胧,想要跟这座古老的建筑道别。剧院老板Ed Bradford表示,他选择这样一部电影是因为这部电影似乎最为合适。这部电影的背景是在一座小镇里,而那里唯一的一个电影院准备停业了。
Text 23  Gray wolves were reintroduced again
After years of heated debate, gray wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Fourteen wolves were caught in Canada and transported to the park. By last year, the Yellowstone wolf population had grown to more than 170 wolves.
Gray wolves once were seen here and there in the Yellowstone area and much of the continental United States, but they were gradually displaced by human development. By the 1920s, wolves had practically disappeared from the Yellowstone area. They went farther north into the deep forests of Canada, where there were fewer humans around.
The disappearance of the wolves had many unexpected results. Deer and elk populations—major food sources (原文来源) for the wolf – grew rapidly. These animals consumed large amounts of vegetation (植被), which reduced plant diversity in the park. In the absence of wolves, coyote populations also grew quickly. The coyotes killed a large percentage of the park’ s red foXEs, and completely drove away the park’ s beavers.
As early as 1966, biologists asked the government to consider reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone Park. They hoped that wolves would be able to control the elk and coyote problems. Many farmers opposed the plan because they feared that wolves would kill their farm animals or pets.
The government spent nearly 30 years coming up with a plan to reintroduce the wolvers. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service carefully monitors , manages and operates the wolf packs in Yellowstone. Today, the debate continues over how well the gray wolf is fitting in at Yellowstone. Elk, deer, and coyote populations are down, while beavers and red fores have made a comeback. The Yellowstone wolf project has been a valuable experiment to help biologists decide whether to reintroduce wolves to other parts of the country as well.
【原文来源:2017年全国高考统一考试全国卷III 阅读C篇】
第23篇 灰狼将重新引入黄石公园
Text 24 The intelligent transport system
The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile laboratory named “DriveLAB” in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are.
Research shows that abandoning driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated(隔绝) and inactive.
Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are devoting themselves to developing in-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life.
These include custom-made navigation(导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. Phil Blythe explains: “For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and about without having to rely on others.”
“But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to.”
Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains, “The DriveLAB is helping us to understand what the key points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.
  “For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. We’re looking at the benefits of systems which control their speed as a way of preventing that.
“We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案) to ensure that older drivers stay safer behind the wheel.”
【原文来源:2017年全国高考统一考试全国卷III 阅读D篇】
第24篇 智能运输系统
纽卡斯尔大学的智能交通团队将一辆电动汽车变成了一个移动实验室,称其为“Drive LAB”,目的是了解老年司机所面临的挑战,并找到问题的关键所在。
由Phil Blythe教授带领的纽卡斯尔大学团队正致力于为老年司机研发车载技术,以期能够帮助他们在晚年生活中仍能继续驾车。
这些技术包括定制导航工具、夜视仪和智能速度适应器。Phil Blythe解释道:“对于很多老年人来说,尤其是那些独自生活或者生活在乡村的老年人,开车对于维持他们的独立性来说非常重要,也能带给他们外出的自由,而不是只能依靠其他人。”
这项关于老年司机的研究的首席研究人员Amy Guo博士解释说:“Driver LAB正在帮助我们了解对于老年司机而言,关键问题和困难是什么,并让我们懂得可以怎样使用技术来解决这些问题。”

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