【秒词邦】最新高考英语语法超级表及经典习题 第十一讲:倒装句与省略句

2020-06-15 21:30| 发布者: admin| 查看: |




类 型
情 况
例 句
(部分倒装是把be动词、情态动词、助动词放到主语之前。如果句子中没有这些词,要在主语之前加助动词do/does /did等,而把原来的谓语动词变成原形放在主语之后。)
句首状语为否定词或半否定词的句子。这类词或短语主要有never, neither, nor, little,seldom,rarely,hardly,scarcely,no sooner, not only,in no way,at no time,few, not,no等
Not a word did I say to him.
Little does he care about what I said.
No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep.
Hardly/Scarcely had he gone to bed when he fell asleep.
Only by this means is it possible to explain it. (介词短语)
Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. (从句)
Only Wang Ling knows this.
I saw the film, so did she.
So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.
“Not only+分句,but also+分句”句型中的前一分句要部分倒装“Not only + 分句,but also + 分句”句型中的前一分句要部分倒装
Not only does John love Chinese, he is also good at speaking it.
但not only...but also...连接主语时,不倒装。
Not only the mother but also the children are sick.
Not until放在句首,从句不倒装,主句倒装
Not until last week did they find the lost bike. (简单句)
Not until my son had entered the university did he realize the importance of time. (复合句)
Tired though he was, he kept on running.
=Though he was tired,he kept on running
Child as he is,he knows a lot.(注意:child前没有冠词a)
在以often, well, many a time, now and again等方式或频度副词(短语)开头的句子中,要用部分倒装结构
Many a time has John given me good advice.
Often have we made that test.
有were,had 和should这三个词是,
Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you.
Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad.
Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up.
May you succeed!
There be结构。另外,在此结构中可以用来代替be动词的动词有:exist, seem, happen, appear,live, rise, stand等
There stood a dog before him.
“Here,There, Now, Then + come (或be等) + 主语” 结构。说明:本句型中there是副词,应重读,强调地点。而前一句型中的there是引导词,本身没意义
Then came the hour we had been looking forward to.
Now comes your turn.
Here you are.
There she comes.
表示方向的副词out, in, up, down等置于句首,要用全部倒装。
In came Mr White.
Up went the arrow into the air.
表示地点的介词短语 (如on the wall, under the tree, in front of the house,in the middle of the room等)放在句首时,要全部倒装
On the top of the hill stands a pine tree.
In front of the classroom is a playground.
Present at the meeting was Mr. Green, a headmaster.(形容词短语)
Such was the story he told me.(代词)
East of the city lies a new railway. (副词短语)
First to be completed was the seven-storey teaching building. (不定式短语)
Gone are the days when my heart was young and gay. (过去分词)
Lying on the floor was a boy aged 15. (现在分词短语)
Long live the People’s Republic of China!



These are John's books and those are Mary's (books).
at the doctor's at Mr. Green's
to my uncle's at the barber's
①The lightning flashed and thunder crashed.电闪雷鸣。
②She sings best in the class.
③Our teacher came in, book in hand.
(=Our teacher came in, with a book in his hand.)
④Child as he is, he knows a lot.
①both 后常跟of短语,其后可以接名词复数形式,也可以接代词宾格复数形式。接复数名词时,介词of可以省略,但接代词宾格时,of不能省略。
③和一些动词搭配构成的短语中的介词,consider... (as)..., prevent / stop... (from)doing...,
have trouble / difficulty... (in) doing...,spend... (in / on) doing... 等中的介词可以省略。
①Both (of) the films were interesting.
②These shoes are worn out. They have lasted (for) a long time.
③Trees can prevent the earth (from) being washed away.
Can you stop him (from) going swimming in the river?
I have some difficulty (in) answering the question.
①有些动词,believe, find, think, feel, consider, imagine, prove等后作宾补的结构。
to be + n. / adj.中的to be可以省略。
②感官动词see, hear, feel, watch, notice 等以及使役动词let, make, have后作宾补的动词不定式,
③在can not but, can not choose but, can not help but之后的动词不定式一般不带to;but之前有实义动词do的某个形式do, does, did, done 时,也不带to, 否则要带to。
⑤在why, why not 引导的特殊问句中后跟省略to的动词不定式。
①I consider him (to be) lazy.
②They made the boy go to bed early.
③We have nothing to do now but wait.
④I'm really puzzled what to think or say.
但两个不定式有对照或对比的意义时,则后一个to不能省。I came not to scold but to praise you.
⑤Why talk so much about it?
Why not try it again?
在一些动词afford, agree, expect, forget, mean, pretend, remember, want, refuse, hope, wish, would like (love), try等后跟动词不定式作宾语,不定式中的to可以承前(后)省略。
—Will you go to the cinema with me?
I would do it for you, but I don't know how to (do it for you).
在某些形容词,afraid, glad, willing, happy, eager等后承前省
—Will you join us in the game?
—Sure, I'll be glad to(join you in the game). 当然,我愿意。
有些动词,tell, ask, allow, expect, force, invite, permit, persuade, order, warn, wish, would like,forbid等后跟动词不定式作宾语补足语、主语补足语时,不定式承前省略动词原形, 保留动词不定式符号to。
He didn't come, though we had invited him to (come).
—Are you a teacher? 你是老师吗?
—No, but I used to be (a teacher).不,我以前是。

①What a hot day (it is)!
How wonderful!
②—(Will you)Have a smoke?
(Is there)Anything else to say?
①John must have been playing football and Mary (must have been) doing her homework.
②His suggestions made John happy, but (his suggestions made) Mary angry.
③Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but (he) soon returned to his old ways.
④Jack will sing at the party, but I know John won't (sing at the party).
①在限制性定语从句中,作宾语的关系代词that, which, who (whom)常可以省略。
②关系副词when, where, why以及that在the time(day, morning, afternoon, evening, night, week,
month, year等) when, the place(desk, table, room, spot, house, town, country, school等)where, the reason why, the way that结构中引导限制性定语从句时,在非正式场合下,可以省略关系副词when, where, why, that。
①在as, before, till, once, when, while等引导的时间状语从句中。
②在though, although,等引导的让步状语从句中。
③在if, unless(=if... not)等引导的条件状语从句中。
④在as, as if, as though引导的让步状语从句中。
⑤在as(so)... as..., than引导的比较状语从句中。
①Someone has used my bike, but I don't know who (has used it).
He has gone, but no one knows where (he has gone).
②(I'm)Sorry I've kept you waiting so long.
③It's important that we (should) speak to the old politely.
①The man(who/whom)I saw is called Smith.
Where is the book (which) I bought this morning?
②I shall never forget the day (when) we first met.
The reason (why) he came so early is his own affair.
The way (that) you answered the questions was admirable.
①While(I was)waiting, I was reading some magazines.
②Though (they were) tired, they went on working.
③You shouldn't come to his party unless (you were) invited.
④He did as (he had been) told. 他按照被告知的那样去做了。
He paused as if (he was) expecting her to speak.
⑤He did as (he had been) told. 他按照被告知的那样去做了。
He paused as if (he was) expecting her to speak.
I know you can do better than he (can do).
This car doesn't run as fast as that one (does).



1. At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in China.

A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies

C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie


2. We laugh at jokes,but seldom ______ about how they work


Awe think Bthink we Cwe do think Ddo we think

3. John opened the door. There ______ he had never seen before.

A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl

4. Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him.

A did he begin B had he begun C he began D he had begun

5. —Michael has changed beyond recognition.

— ______! How did he manage to lose so much weight?

A. So has he B. Neither has he C. So he has D. Neither he has

6. —When can I use your computer?

—Never! _____ should you touch it!

A. At no time B. In no time C. At any time D. At one time

7. His parents thought only in this way ______ become successful, studying abroad.

A. could Tom B. Tom could C. is Tom able to D. Tom is able to

8. As I looked at the memorial, I thought about _____ terrible disaster it was for the people in Nanjing then and _____ they were to fight the Japanese invaders.

A. how; how B. what a; how C. what; what D. how; what

9. Behind the coach ______ our team wearing blue suits.

A. walk B. have C. is followed D. appears

10. Not until we have had a chance to discuss it thoroughly ______ perfectly.

A. the problem has been settled

B. has the problem been settled

C. will the problem be settled

D. the problem was settled

11. —I am shocked at the news that many pupils were killed in the terrible traffic accident.

—So am I. Little the safety of the poor children.

A. did the local government care for B. the local government cared for

C. did the local government care about D. the local government cared about

12. ______ at the news that her eyes rained tears.

A. So was Rebecca sad B. So sad was Rebecca

C. So sad Rebecca was D. Was Rebecca so sad

13. Not only ______ a promise, but she also kept it.

A. did she make B. she made C. does she make D. had she made

14.Nowhere else, as his mother told us, _____ except the cabin in the backyard.

A. did he go B. he did go C. went he D. he went

15. ________for the rain, the construction work would have been faster.

A. If it were not        B. Were it not

C. Had it not been D. If it hasn’t

16. The purpose of the research had a more important meaning for them than_______.

A. ours  B. those of ours C. it had for ours D. it did for us

17.—Mary had a wonderful time at the party.

—_______, and so did I.

A. So she had  B. So had she

C. So she did D. So did she

18. _______ we move the couch over there. Don’t you think the room will look larger?

A. What about B. What if

C. How far D. How come

19. John plays football_______, if not better than, David. 

A. so well  B. so well as C. as well  D. as well as

20. Are you free tonight? ______, I'd like you to meet Tom, my new friend from the States.

A. Even so B. When necessary

C. If not D. If so

21. “Sorry, sorry...,” he whispered, _____ talking to himself.

A. while B. even if C. as if D. when

22. Not a single word did he say when________ about his step-mother.

A. being asked B. asked C. asking D. was asked

23. —It looks as if a storm is coming up.

—Yes, _______.

A. it certainly does B. it certainly is

C. it looks so D. it’s coming


While I was in hospital for back surgery recently I was looked after by a nurse called Deitrich. She worked the night shifts and took very good care of me.

One night things were1 and when Deitrich came in to take my blood pressure we started to talk about our family 2 . Then she asked what I enjoyed doing most. I 3 that I liked helping people and doing 4 work. Deitrich said she thought she would 5 doing that kind of thing too, perhaps with her church.

The day I was discharged(出院)we 6 and she gave me a kiss on the cheek. In 7 I gave her a smile card and ten dollars. She didn’t want the 8 but I told her to read the card and 9 her the money was from my heart. “Now you have the 10 to do something for yourself or make a(n) 11 for someone else,”I said. She paused and 12 the offer in the end. We hugged and she told me she 13 give the money to a woman she knew from 14 who was having medical problems.

Deitrich gladly thanked me for my 15 and with that ten dollars bought five lottery tickets in her church’s name. As16 would have it(幸运的是)one of the tickets won a hundred and fifteen dollars which she 17 to the church’s food pantry (食品室). She 18 me a week later and told me what had happened. She 19 asked if I had any more smile cards! The people in her church all 20 one!

God bless Deitrich and her church and all the people who want to make a difference for the better in this world!

1. A. quiet B. noisy C. terrible D. lost

2. A. members B. incomes C. situations D. locations

3. A. supposed B. replied C. expected D. intended

4. A. house B. office C. writing D. charity

5. A. enjoy B. continue C. stop D. remember

6. A. parted B. walked C. hugged D. waved

7. A. fact B. return C. brief D. total

8. A. card B. pay C. feeling D. money

9. A. assured B. asked C. demanded D. advised

10. A. choice B. time C. power D. decision

11. A. profit B. difference C. appointment D. trip

12. A. refused B. gave C. missed D. accepted

13. A. would B. should C. must D. might

14. A. church B. childhood C. countryside D. work

15. A. help B. care C. support D. kindness

16. A. words B. luck C. wishes D. chances

17. A. lent B. delivered C. donated D. passed

18. A. called B. left C. asked D. informed

19. A. ever B. therefore C. once D. also

20. A. received B. wanted C. kept D. saw


In the wake of the earthquake, Kohei Maeda shared a small story of hope.

His brother and then-fiancée(未婚妻)decided to keep their wedding date of March 20 despite people saying it “was not appropriate” in light of the widespread suffering. The young Tokyo couple tied the knot as planned because they wanted to show there was still hope in Japan. A year later, Ikuhiro and Hiroromi Maeda are cultivating another seed of hope: They’re expecting a baby in late June.

Maeda said the soon-to-be mother, Hirnromi, fears for the future of her child, especially with the threat of radiation in food and water.

Maeda can’t wait to be a first-time uncle and he only has one wish for the baby: “I hope that the new baby will have a happy life” without nuclear concerns.

Maeda himself may be part of the solution, or he hopes so. The earthquake awakened his dream to one day run for office. He had always imagined that someday he would have the opportunity to make changes in his native land, but never was it so clear as after the disaster.

His personal lifestyle hasn’t changed since the earthquake, but his way of thinking is entirely different. “Just watching, seeing and saying ‘Oh my God’ means nothing. We have to act,” he said.

Maeda, 28, intends to run for office under an emerging political party in Japan called Osaka Ishin no Kai, the Osaka restoration group. If elected, he would first deal with the radiation problem and search for more environmentally friendly energy options.

Regardless of the ongoing radiation concerns and damaged buildings, Maeda has a message to the rest of the world: “A lot of Japanese are very optimistic, so don’t worry about US too much.” Maeda was reminded of a proverb while telling his story: “A mother is stronger than any other creature.”

“We as a family want to do everything we can to raise the new family member with love and happiness, by all means no matter how bad the environment is. Yes, we can!”

1. What does the underlined word“appropriate”in the second paragraph mean?

A. Wrong. B. Suitable. C. Possible. D. Illegal.

2. What is Hiroromi most worrying about now?

A. Her child’s health. B. The wedding date.

C. The future of Japan. D. Another possible earthquake.

3. Maeda quoted a proverb in the last but one paragraph mainly to

A. show Japanese are optimistic B. express wishes to every mother

C. fight against nuclear plants D. show his concerns on radiation

4. Which one is the best title of the text?

A. A Seed of the Future B. Natural or Man-made Disaster?

C. A Family Is All D. Marriage Brings Hope

5. What is Maeda likely to do if he is elected?

A. Give his families love and happiness. B. Prevent the environment being polluted.

C. Replace nuclear with other energy sources. D. Protect Japanese from natural disasters.

四、阅读理解 “七选五”


Choosing the right job is probably one of the most important decisions we have to make in life, and it is frequently one of the hardest decisions we have to make. One important question that you might ask yourself is: “How do I get a good job?”.


There are people who can answer an insignificant advertisement in the local paper and land the best job in the world; others write to all sorts of places all over the country, and never seem to get a reply at all. Still others believe that the in person, door-to-door approach is by far the best way to get a job; and then there are those who, through no active decision of their own, just seem to be in the right place at the right time. . He used to spend a lot of his free time down by the sea watching the tall ships, but never thinking that he might one day sail one of them. His father was a farmer, and being a sailor could never be anything for the boy but an idle dream. One day, on his usual wandering, he heard the captain of the ship complaining that he could not sail because one member of his crew was sick. Without stopping to think, the lad(少年) offered to take his place. .


. If the lad had gone home to ponder(考虑)his decision for a week, he may have missed his chance. It is one thing to be offered an opportunity; it is another thing to take it and use it well.

Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs(美差). When you go for a job interview or fill out an application, you are expected to say nice things about the company to which you are applying. ___5___. And within a year this person had become general manger of the company.


AThis story also illustrates the importance of seizing an opportunity when it presents itself.


BPeople find jobs in an infinite number of ways.


Cit’s almost impossible to find a good job by answering advertisement in newspapers


DTake for example the young man who wanted to be a sailor.


EBut there was one person who landed an excellent job by telling the interviewer all the company’s faults.


FHe spent the rest of his life happily sailing the ships he had always loved.


GIt is very important to seize an opportunity when it presents itself.



假设你是光明中学高三 (1) 班的学生李华,今天学校组织了消防演习。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英语日记,叙述整个演习,并谈谈自己的。

注意: 1. 日记的开头已为你写好。

2. 词数不少于100。

In your English class, the teacher shows the picture below and asks the class to discuss it. Your classmates may have different understandings. Look at the picture carefully and tell the class how YOU understand it.

Vocabulary support:


千里马: swift horse


磨坊: mill




1. Business studies ______ a skill-based subject which ______ students' ability to use their knowledge.

A. is; test  B. is; tests C. are; test D. are; tests

2. Greatly ______, the students made up their minds to work at English even harder.

A. inspiring B. inspired C. having inspired D. to inspire

3. He argued ______ smoking, and insisted that it was ______ argument that smoking was harmful to health.

A. for; beyond B. against; over C. for; over D. against; beyond

4. It struck me like lightning how difficult it must have been for a woman to get medical training so long ago when women's education was always placed ______ to men's.

A. better B. worse C. second D. first

5. ______hit me all of a sudden ______ I had forgotten her birthday.

A. That; that B. That; what C. It; that D. It; what

6. Through determination, she had learned to read and write and ______ to become part of the leadership of the village.

A. appeared B. struggled C. hesitated D. failed

7. On the bank of the river, we found him ______ on a beach, with his eyes ______ on a kite in the sky.

A. seated; fixing B. sitting; fixing C. seated; being fixed D. sitting; fixed

8. —How does Alma like her new job?

—She ______ with the hours.

A. can't satisfy B. isn't satisfied C. doesn't satisfy D. hasn't satisfied

9. The falling of the new building ______ its soft base.

A. resulted in B. suffered from C. led to D. lay in

10. He had to take the medicine three times a day, so as to be______ pain in the leg.

A. far from B. away from C. apart from D. free from

11. Is it high time that our society ______ those who are ______?

A. care for; badly off B. cared for; bad off C. to care about; well off D. cared about; badly off

12. Although there were so many people in the square, I could ______ my friend.

A. pick up B. pick out C. make up D. set out

13. The old man sat in the corner, ______ along.

A. well content to have a drink B. well content from having a drink

C. quite contented having a drink D. to be quite contented with drink

14. He behaved naturally ______ nothing had happened to him.

A. even if B. only if C. as if D. so that

15. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids.

A. who B. which C. why D. when


It was a normal Monday morning at an assembly, and the old headmaster was addressing the students on important things in life and about __1__ ourselves to what is important to us. This is how the story went:

An old man lived in a certain part of London, and he would wake up every morning and go to the __2__. He would get the train right to Central London, and then sit at the street corner and __3__. He would do this every single day of his life. He sat at the same street corner and begged for almost 20 years.

His house was filthy (肮脏的), and a stench came out of the house and it smelled __4__ . The neighbors could not __5__ the smell anymore, so they summoned the police officers to __6__ the place. The officers __7__ down the door and cleaned the house. There were small bags of __8__ all over the house that he had __9__ over the years.

The police counted the money, and they soon realized that the old man was a __10__. They waited outside his house in anticipation (预料) to __11__ the good news with him. When he arrived home that evening, he was met by one of the officers who told him that there was no __12__ for him to beg any more as he was a rich man now, a millionaire.

He said __13__ at all; he went into his house and locked the door. The next morning he woke up as usual, went to the street and continued to beg.

__14__, this old man had no great plans, dreams or anything __15__ for his life. We learn nothing from this story other than staying __16__ the things we enjoy doing, commitment.

We should remain true to our course, which may mean devoting yourselves to things that people around you would __17__ disapprove. Let nothing distract us from being happy; let nothing else determine our fate, but __18__ .

What makes us happy is what __19__ in the end...not what we acquire (获得).

This particular story is one such lesson that I will never forget. Every time I don't concentrate on course, I get __20__ of this story.

1. A. attracting B. agreeing C. believing D. devoting

2. A. street B. factory C. subway D. airport

3. A. beg B. wait C. attempt D. evaluate

4. A. pleasant B. horrible C. endless D. serious

5. A. explain B. forget C. judge D. tolerate

6. A. clear B. remove C. control D. inspect

7. A. put B. took C. knocked D. cut

8. A. rubbish B. money C. waste D. food

9. A. managed B. stole C. arranged D. collected

10. A. millionaire B. gentleman C. boss D. gift

11. A. satisfy B. share C. believe D. report

12. A. need B. doubt C. chance D. result

13. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

14. A. Clearly B. Actually C. Surprisingly D. Suddenly

15. A. fortunate B. possible C. significant D. worth

16. A. acted out B. called on C. turned to D. focused on

17. A. normally B. crazily C. finally D. completely

18. A. others B. us C. ourselves D. some

19. A. considers B. achieves C. matters D. faces

20. A. permitted B. reminded C. warned D. informed


Chinese high school students have the longest study hours compared to their peers(同龄人) in Japan, the US and the Republic of Korea, a survey conducted by the four countries said.

The survey, released by the China Youth and Children Research Center (CYCRC) on Monday, was jointly conducted with institutions in the four countries in September—October of 2008. It covers nearly 4, 000 students in senior high schools and vocational high schools in the four countries.

About 78.3 percent of Chinese students said they spend more than eight hours at school and 56.7 percent said they study at least two more hours each day at home. By contrast, only 24.7 percent of their peers in the US, 20.5 percent in Japan and 15.4 percent in Korea study more than two hours after school.

Around 60 percent of all students surveyed said their burden for studies was the heaviest; however, the Japanese felt their burden was the worst with respondents(应答者) reaching 79.2 percent.

Among the five biggest headaches for young people in the four countries were: over-scheduling ranked first, followed by a boring leisure life, unsatisfied appearance, little time for exercise and making friends, and no spare money.

“Moderate(适度的) study pressure can better drive students to develop, however, too much will squeeze(挤) their development space, and can even cause harm to their physical and psychological health,”the survey said.

“Balancing their studies and all-round development is a very important task,”it said.

1. What would be the best title for the text?

A. Chinese High School Students Study More

B. High School Students Need More Rest

C. Heavy Burdens of High School Students

D. Big Headaches of High School Students

2. Which of the following is NOT true about the survey?

A. It took about two months.

B. It was conducted in four countries.

C. Nearly 4 000 students took part in it.

D. It was done only in senior high schools.

3. Which of the following troubles the high school students most?

A. Being busy. B. Feeling bored.

C. Lacking pocket money. D. Feeling unsatisfied with their teachers.

4. According to the survey, ______.

A. study pressure is harmful to students' health

B. students need to achieve all-round development

C. the Chinese students felt their burden for studies was the heaviest

D. most students are suffering from physical and psychological health problems






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