【秒词邦】最新高考英语语法超级表及经典习题 第十四讲:代词与连词

2020-06-15 21:34| 发布者: admin| 查看: |




I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
my, your, his, her, its, our, their
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
this, that, these, those, such, some
who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
that, which, who, whom, whose, as
one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
each other,one another


类 别
区 别
例 句
one, some,
①We’ve been looking at the houses but haven’t found ___ we like yet.
A.one B.ones C.it D.them
②Cars do cause us some health problems — in fact far more serious _______ than mobile phones do.
A.one B.ones C.it D.those
—Your coffee smells great! —It’s from Mexico.Would you like ________?
A.it B.some C.this D.1ittle
some 和any修饰可数名词单数时,some表示某个,any表示任何一个
①I have read this article in some magazine. Please correct the mistakes, if any.
②—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?
—________way as you please.
A.Each B.Every C.Any D.Either
—There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow ?
—No, I’d rather buy in the bookstore.
A.it;one B.one;one C.one;it D.it;it
①There’s ________cooking oil in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get ________.
A.1ittle,some B.1ittle,any C.a little,some D.a little,any
②We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ________.
A.none B.either C.any D.each
③He doesn’t have _________ furniture in his room --just an old desk.
A. any B. many C. some D. much
①Each student has a pocket dictionary.
Each (of us) has a dictionary. = We each have a dictionary.
②Every student has strong and weak points. / Every one of us has strong and weak points.
no等于not any,作定语。none作主语或宾语,代替不可数名词,谓语用单数,代替可数名词,谓语单复数皆可以
①There is no water in the bottle.
②How much water is there in the bottle? None.
③None of the students are (is) afraid of difficulties.
other day, every other
week, someother reason,
no other way, the other特
数为the others
①Both sides have accused of breaking the contract.
A. another B. the other C. neither D. each
②Two students in our class failed, but all the others passed the exam.
①We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun,so let’s have ______ one this month.
A.the other B.some C.another D.other
②The trousers are too long, please give me another pair / some others.
③Some like football, while others like basketball.
①—Do you want tea or coffee? — ______, I really don't mind.
A. none B. neither C. either D. all
②It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which _____ of the parents spoke the language.
A. none B. neither C. both D. each


并列连词可用来连接词与词,词组与词组,分句与分句。常用的并列连词有:and(和),as well as(既…又),both … and(不但…而且),not only … but also(不但…而且),not … but(不是…而是),neither … nor(既不…也不),either … or(不是…就是),or(或者),but (但是),yet(然而),for(因为),so(所以),while(而),when(这时)等。如:Both my brother and my sister are teachers./ His room is bright but mine is gloomy(暗沉沉的)./ He can not only repair radios but also fix them./ It is a glorious(光荣的)yet difficult task./ Strike while iron is hot.
引导时间状语从句的:after, before, when, as, while, since, until, till, as soon as
引导原因状语从句的:because, since, as
引导让步状语从句的:although, though, no matter(无论), even if (though)
引导条件状语从句的:if, unless, once, so (as) long as
引导结果状语从句的:so … that …, such … that …
引导目的状语从句的:so that …, in order that …
引导比较状语从句的:as … as …, not so (as) … as …, … than …
引导方式状语从句的:as if …
引导主语,宾语或表语从句的连词主要有:that, whether, if三个。其中that 和whether间还可以引起同位从句和状语从句。
1、当while, when, as引导时间状语从句时的区别:
①while引导的状语从句中动词必须是持续性。谓语动词多为进行时,或状态动词的一般时。while 的这些用法可用when代替,等于 “at the time that”, “during the time that”。例如:Please keep quiet while (when) others are studying;
②when除可指一段时间外,还可用来指一点时间,等于 “at the time”,也就是说when引出的时间状语从句中的谓语动词可以是终止性的,也可以延续性的。因此主句和从句的谓语可以是一般时,进行时,或完成时。例如:When I went into the lab, the teacher was doing an experiment.(when不能换成while)He often makes mistakes when he is speaking English.(when可换成while)
③as常可与when,while通用,但强调“一边、一边”。例如:As (when, while) I was walking down the street, I noticed a police car in front of number 37.
④when引导的状语从句中的主语与主句主语一致,主、谓是“主语+系动词”结构时,这时主语和系动词可以省略。例如:When (he was) young, he worked for a rich man./ She’ll be here to give you help when (if it is) necessary.
⑤when有时代替if,引导条件句,意为“如果”、“假如”,例如:I’ll come when (if) I’m free.
2、before作连词一般表示时间,意为“在…之前”,但有些句子中这样译就显得别扭。试看以下句子的翻译:He almost knocked me down before he saw me.他几乎把我撞倒看见我;Before I could get in a word he had measured me.我还没来得及插话,他已经给我量好了尺寸。
3、till, until作为介词式从属连词引导时间状语短语或状语从句,用于否定句时,结构为not …until (till),主句谓语动词延续与非延续皆可,意为“直到…才…”。用于肯定句时,只与延续性动词连用,表示“到…为止”。例如:They played volleyball until (till) it got dark./ They didn’t talk(延续性动词)until (till) the interpreter(译员)came./ He didn’t go to bed(非延续性动词)until (till) the his father came back.;until可以放在句首,till则不行,例如:Until the last minute of the match we kept on playing./ Not until he finished his work did he go home.(倒装);till, until只用于时间,以下句子是错误的:We walked till the edge of the forest.(要用as far as或to)。
4、because, since, as引导原因状语时注意使用上的区别:
①如果原因构成句子的最主要部分,一般用because ,因此because引导的从句往往放在句末。用why提问的句子,一定用because回答。例如:He had to stay at home yesterday because he was ill.;
②如原因已为人们所知,或不如句子的其他部分重要,就用as,或 since。since比as更正式些。as和since引导的从句一般放在句子的开头。例如:As you are tired, you had better rest./ Since everyone is here, now let’s begin.
①although用于各种文体,而though则多用于非正式的口语或书面语中。注意由although, though引导的从句后,主句不能用but,但可用副词yet, still。例如:Although/ Though it rained all the morning, they still went on working.(或yet they went on working)
②though常与even连用,even though表示强调,意为“即使”,但不能说even although,例如:Even though I didn’t understand a word, I dept smiling.
③though可用作副词,意为“然而”,常用逗号与句子分开。although则不能这样使用,它只作连词。例如:It was a quiet party, I had a good time, though.
6、once作副词译“曾经”,作为连词译“一旦”,引导条件状语从句。相当于if的加强形式。例如:I don’t believe he was once a thief. (once这里是副词)/ Once Aristotle had made up his mind that heavy objects always fell faster than light objects, he taught it as a truth to his students. (once连词)
7、unless引导条件状语从句等于if … not …。例如:He’ll accept the job unless the salary is too low. ( = He’ll accept the job if the salary is not too low.)
8、在用as if引导的方式状语从句及表语从句中,根据情况要使用虚拟语气。例如:He talks as if he knew all about it. 但有时也可用直陈语气。例如:It looks as if it is going to rain.
9、whether, if引导从句的用法区别:
①引导主语从句、表语从句或同位语从句时,用whether,不用if。例如:Whether they will go to the Great Wall is not known./ The question is whether we can finish the task on time./ The question whether we will take part in the physics contest has not been decided.
②whether可接不定式,而if则不可。例如:I haven’t decided whether to leave or not.
③whether可作介词的宾语或置于句首表示强调,而if则不可。例如:Everything depends on whether we have enough money./ Whether he will come, I am not sure.
④whether和if均可引导宾语从句, whether引导的宾语从句一般都是肯定句,if引导的宾语从句可以是肯定的,也可以是否定的(此时不能用whether),例如:Could you tell us whether/ if it rains in winter in Australia?/ I wonder if it doesn’t rain.
⑤引导宾语从句的whether和if常可与or not连用。连用时要注意or not的位置,它一般与 whether、if分开使用,有时它可与whether合起来使用,但不能与if合起来使用。例如:I don’t know whether/ if they will come or not./ I don’t know whether or not they will come. 
⑥if可用来引导条件状语从句,译“如果”,whether则不行。例如:If you work hard, you are sure to succeed.
①as引导时间状语从句,意为“当…时”。例如:As (he was) a young man, he was a storekeeper and later a postmaster./ He sang as he worked.
②as引导方式状语从句,意为“象…一样”。例如:We must do as the Party teaches us. 
③as引导原因状语从句。意为“由于”,例如:As you are tired, you had better rest. 
as引导让步状语从句。意为“虽然”、“尽管”Child as he is, he can do it well. ( = Although he is a child, he can do it well.) 另外,as做为关系代词还可以引导定语从句,如:I have the same book as you.




1. _____ with any common sense can tell the difference between the two.

A. Who B. Whoever C. Anyone D. Who ever

2. The dictionary is really useful. Every boy and girl _____ it and they each _____ to buy one.

A. like; want B. likes; wants C. likes; want D. like; wants

3. Everyone knows that Canada is larger than _____ country in Asia.

A. any B. any other C. other D. another

4. "What do you think of them?" "I don't know _____ is better, so I've taken _____ of them."

A. what, both B. what, none C. which, both D. which, none

5. —Would you like a cup of coffee or a glass of beer?

—____ will do, but milk is _____ popular with me.

A. Neither, not B. Both, more

C. Either, the most D. All, the most

6. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _____ it was?

A. where B. what C. how D. which

7. These trousers are dirty and wet—I'll change into my _____.

A. another B. trousers C. others D. other

8. Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to _____.

A. other B. the other C. the others D. another

9. There are four bedrooms, ______ with its own bathroom.

A. all B. each C. every D. either

10. —It's said that he is a wise leader.

—Oh, no, he is _____ but a wise leader.

A. anything B. anyone C. anybody D. anywhere

11. Tell _______ you like—it makes no difference to me.

A. anyone B. who C. whoever D. what

12. The teacher told us that the problem was not _____ easy and that we should think _____ over carefully.

A. such, it B. that, it C. such, 不填 D. that,不填

13. The camera isn't good enough; I want to change ______.

A. another B. a good one C. it with another D. it for another

14. I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ______.

A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing

15. —Is there ______ here?

—No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.

A. anybody B. everybody C. somebody D. nobody

16. —If you want a necklace, I'll buy one for you at once.

—Oh, no. A necklace is not _____ that I need most.

A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

17. Some say one thing, but _____.

A. other, another B. others, another

C. others, the other D. the others, others

18. He is a hard-working student, _____ who will be successful in whatever career he chooses.

A. that B. he C. one D. which


1. The traffic problems have severely affected economic development. ________ we must spare no efforts to solve them.

A. Furthermore B. ThereforeC. Meanwhile D. Nevertheless

2. —In early autumn Steve applied for admission to college. He wanted to gobut to Cornell University.

—Oh,why not Harvard?

A. anywhere B. somewhere C. everywhere D. nowhere

3. Be careful that a good name of a product doesn’t ______ mean good quality of it.

A. alternatively B. approximately C. obviously D. necessarily

4. As a typist, the most important aspect of the job is to be able to type quickly and _____.

A. faithfully B. actually C. roughly D. accurately

5. These days strange things happened ______ in the small village, which caused a panic among the villagers.

A. frequently B. fluently C. regularly D. deliberately

6. Many students tried their best not to make careless mistakes in the examination but some of them_______ found they failed.

A. eventually B. completely C. exactly D. effectively

7. A volcano in Indonesia erupted on November the 16th, 2010, and _____, hundreds of people were killed.

A. consequently B. continuously C. constantly D. consistently

8. —Credit cards areuseful when traveling.

—True. They save us the trouble of taking too much cash.

A. particularly B. partly C. exactly D. gradually

9. — Have you read the newly-published novel by J. K. Rowling?

— Yes. I ______ recommend this book to anyone who is sick of the same old stories.

A. briefly B. instantly C. fully D. awfully

10. She is fed up with sharing a house with others; _______, she is looking for her own flat.

A. moreover B. otherwise C. however D. therefore

11. ________, the excited crowds in the square suddenly became so quiet. It’s still puzzling.

A. Personally B. Naturally C. Somehow D. Anyway

12. Maureen hasn’t been feeling well ______. You’d better go and see her.

A. late B. latest C. latter D. lately

13. The boy was wandering through the street ______ a bike hit him.

A. when B. once C. while D. as

14. — Why were you absent yesterday?

— I caught a cold, _______ I had been walking around in the rain.

A. but B. so C. and D. for

15. Jim went to answer the phone. _______, Harry started to prepare lunch.

A. However B. Nevertheless C. Besides D. Meanwhile


One British school is finding that allowing children to listen to music or even to have the TV on while studying is helping improve grades. 1 your teenager starts a family quarrel by sitting in an armchair listening to music while doing his homework, why not 2 a simple experiment? 3 taking the heavy handed(严厉的)line of 4 him to his bedroom to get on with it 5 , let him do the homework the 6 he wants. You might well find that his essay is more sparkling than 7 he has done before.

According to the research of Millfield school, around 20% of youngsters 8 best with background music, 10% excel(突出)when allowed to 9 their work with short walks around the room while up to 80% can concentrate 10 if allowed to fiddle(用手拨弄)with a small object.

The research has advised the school to adopt a complete 11 approach, analyzing pupils to discover which learning style 12 them best—then letting them do their work listening to music or 13 lying down.14 parents at first regarded the 15 as a layabout’s (懒散闲荡的人)deed but many are now applying it at 16 where children are also allowed to do their work17 the television on.

“I 18 to work on the floor with music on low,” admits Susan, 13, a day girl. “At first my parents thought I was skiving (逃避), but my 19 persuaded them to look at my homework and when they saw it was okay, they 20 .”

1. A. Next time B. Then C. Before long D. In case

2. A. take B. try C. form D. allow

3. A. In spite of B. Except for C. In place of D. Rather than

4. A. causing B. advising C. ordering D. permitting

5. A. quickly B. quietly C. carefully D. attentively

6. A. atmosphere B. way C. method D. means

7. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything

8. A. work B. relax C. think D. progress

9. A. break out B. break down C. break up D. break in

10. A. faster B. deeper C. better D. worse

11. A. new B. special C. common D. interesting

12. A. interests B. affects C. suits D. improves

13. A. still B. perhaps C. almost D. even

14. A. Doubtful B. Puzzled C. Angry D. Unpleased

15. A. move B. suggestion C. research D. problem

16. A. school B. class C. home D. last

17. A. while B. when C. as D. with

18. A. continue B. hope C. hate D. prefer

19. A. teacher B. classmate C. friend D. neighbor

20. A. refused B. agreed C. stopped D. accepted


In 1957 a doctor in Singapore noticed that hospitals were treating an unusual number of influenza-like cases. Influenza is sometimes called “flu”or a “bad cold”. He took samples from the throats of patients in his hospital and was able to find the virus(病毒)of this influenza.

There are three main types of influenza virus. The most important of these are types A and B, each of them having several sub-groups(亚群). At the hospital the doctor recognized that the outbreak was because of a virus group A, but he did not know the sub-group. He reported the outbreak to the World Health Organization in Geneva. W. H. O. published the important news together with reports of the same kind of outbreak in Hong Kong, where about 15%~20% of the population had become ill.

As soon as the London doctors received the package of throat samples, they began to test them. They found that they could reproduce themselves at a very high speed. Continuing their careful tests, the doctor checked the effect of medicine used against all the known sub-groups of type A virus. On this virus, none of them was of any use.

Having separated the virus, the two doctors now made tests on some selected animals. In a short time the usual signs of the disease appeared. These experiments showed that the new virus spread easily, but that it was not a killer. Scientists, like the general public, called it simply “Asian flu”.

1. The Asian flu mentioned in the passage ____.

A. had something to do with a virus group B

B. was reported to W. H. O in Geneva by a doctor in Hong Kong

C. broke out not only in Singapore but also in Hong Kong

D. was taken from the throats of the patients in a hospital in Singapore

2. London doctors considered ____.

A. Asian flu as a bad cold

B. there were three main types of influenza

C. it was necessary to test the other groups of virus besides group A

D. the influenza called “Asian flu” a new one

3. The Singapore doctor helped the world by ____.

A. making those with Asian flu well again

B. killing the virus that caused Asian flu

C. finding the sub-group of the virus

D. reporting the outbreak of Geneva

4. The Asian flu virus ____.

A. was a killer

B. was very weak

C. could reproduce very quickly

D. died very fast


Nowadays, millions 1 lonely singles are now going online instead. 2 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人).

Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 3 because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 4 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 5 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 6 easy to avoid someone 7 you are not interested in. In the real world, 8 however, ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult.

Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 9 (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 10 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.



On a cold winter day, I waited in line to see my hero, Jack Canfield, the author of TheSuccessPrinciples

During his talk, Jack__1__his wallet, pulled out a hundred­dollar bill, and said, “Who wants this?”__2__shot up in the audience; people leaned forward to see whom Jack would__3__.But I jumped up, ran up the__4__to the stage, and grabbed the bill. As I was launching myself in the air, thoughts__5__through my mind—was I about to be humiliated (羞辱) in front of 800 people?Would they__6__security guards and take me from the stage?__7__my desire for bold action was louder than any__8__voice.

As I got the bill from his hand, he said, “That’s it!We can’t wait for the__9__to come to us. We must take action to__10__what we want!”

After his talk, I managed to formally meet Jack and boldly asked for his__11__email address. Over the next months, I sent him emails__12__my vision and dreams with him. He kindly emailed back lots of encouragement. But my life got __13__ with other things. I stopped emailing Jack.

A year later, my dreams had worn away. I thought Jack would inspire me into action, like a giant__14__that would show me the way.

I emailed him, and then again—but got no__15__.As I sat down at my computer to check my emails, I__16__woke up. What was I doing?I was waiting!Now I remembered the crowd, most likely__17__that hundred­dollar bill, while they sat__18__to their chairs.

Usually we all have a “Jack” for whom we wait—whether it’s a person, a place or a thing.We__19__believe the gifts of life are just around the corner, and that everything will come in a(n)__20__way.So we don’t try. We give up. But as Wayne Gretzky said:“You’ll always miss 100% of the opportunities you don’t take!” So I stopped waiting and started my writing career.[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]

Now what are you waiting for?

1. A. stretched out B. reached for C. stuck to D. handed in

2. A. Cheers B. Shouts C. Heads D. Hands

3. A. offer B. greet C. like D. choose

4. A. path B. road C. steps D. route

5. A. raced B. started C. appeared D. existed

6. A. ask B. call C. demand D. order

7. A. And B. So C. But D. Or

8. A. careful B. doubtful C. meaningful D. helpful

9. A. opportunities B. times C. results D. aims

10. A. attract B. accept C. restore D. create

11. A. professional B. secret C. public D. personal

12. A. disclosing B. describing C. presenting D. sharing

13. A. quick B. busy C. full D. loose

14. A. arrow B. gate C. exit D. entrance

15. A. news B. notice C. response D. reaction

16. A. gradually B. suddenly C. immediately D. slowly

17. A. desiring B. claiming C. begging D. worshiping

18. A. lost B. glued C. opposed D. devoted

19. A. sincerely B. honestly C. falsely D. correctly

20. A. difficult B. impressive C. early D. natural


Everyone has good days and bad days.

Sometimes, you feel as if you’re on top of the world. But occasionally you feel horrible, and you lose things and you cannot focus on your schoolwork.

For more than 20 years, scientists have suggested that high self-esteem (自尊) is the key to success. Now, new research shows that focusing just on building self-esteem may not be helpful. In some cases, having high self-esteem can bring bad results if it makes you less likeable or more upset when you fail at something.

“Forget about self-esteem,” says Jennifer Crocker, a psychologist (心理学家) at the University of Michigan, US, “It’s not the important thing.”

Feeling good

Crocker’s advice may sound a bit strange because it is good to feel good about yourself.

Studies show that people with high self-esteem are less likely to be depressed, anxious, shy, or lonely than those with low self-esteem.

But, after reviewing about 18,000 studies on self-esteem, Roy Baumeister, a psychologist at Florida State University, has found that building up your self-esteem will not necessarily make you a better person.

He believes that violent and wicked (邪恶的) people often have the highest self-esteem of all. He also said:“There’s no evidence that kids with high self-esteem do better in school.”


All types of people have problems. People with high self-esteem can have big egos (自我) that can make them less likeable to their peers (同龄人), said Kathleen Vohs, a psychology professor at Columbia University.

People with high self-esteem tend to think more of themselves, Vohs says. People with low self-esteem are more likely to rely on their friends when they need help.

What to do

Researchers say it is best to listen to and support other people. Find positive ways to contribute to society. If you fail at something try to learn from the experience. “The best therapy (药方) is to recognize your faults,” Vohs says. “It’s OK to say, I’m not so good at that, and then move on.”

1. It is concluded in the research that high self­esteem________.

A. is not important at all

B. has taken on a different meaning

C. may not be the key to success

D. does not help you do better at school

2. According to the research, people with high self-esteem________.

A. have better relationship with people of their own age

B. are more likely to become violent and wicked

C. tend to be proud and do not care much about others

D. often feel depressed and can’t focus on their work

3. The advice in the last paragraph is mainly for people________.

A. with high self-esteem B. with low self-esteem

C. who are still at school D. who are good at everything


Grandma Moses was crazy about painting soon before she picked it up and worked hard at it. She painted careful and her works were nice. She first painted only to please oneself, and then began to sell her works with a little money. In 1993, a collector, Louis Caldor happen to see several of Grandma Moses’ work hanging in a shop. He liked them, buying them at once, and set out to look for less. Caldor held a show to introduce the works of Grandma Moses other artists. Grandma Moses, who was world-famous, was died on December 13, 1961, at the age of 101.


面对现实生活的各种压力,保持一个良好的心态非常重要。请你以The importance of keeping a good mood为题,写一篇100词左右的英语短文,发表自己的看法及理由(至少两条)。







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