2020年最新高考英语语法填空/短文改错超级讲义表 【收藏此文,语法填空短文改错必得高分/满分】

2020-06-16 08:30| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

秒词邦高考英语核心单词微信小程序原创版权-2020年最新高考英语语法填空/短文改错超级讲义表

【收藏此文,语法填空短文改错必得高分/满分】

分类
考点
细分
考点总结及出题模型
说明或举例
无单词提示
冠词
定冠词
一般用法
1.用于形容词和分词前表示一类人;
 
2.表示“一家人”或“夫妇”;
 
3.用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最高级前;
 
4.用于表示度量单位的名词前;
 
表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事;
 
5.用于世上独一无二的事物名词前:
 
6.用于演奏乐器(球类不加);
I hired the car by the hour
7.用于方位名词,身体部位名词;
He patted me on the shoulder
固定用法
 
make(get) the best of
/on the contrary
in the end
with the help of
the same
the other
by the way
take the place of
in the day
in (the) front of
all the year around
the same as
at the age of
at the beginning of
the more,the better
all the time
all over the country
On the right/left
On the whole
To tell you the truth
 
 
 
 
注:当空格后面的名词或形容词加名且前面没有物主代词his/her/their/its,或不定代词some/any/other/another以及指示代词this/that/those/these等修饰时,往往用冠词。
不定
冠词
一般用法:指一类人或事,相当于a kind of;第一次提及某人某物,非特指;表示“每一”相当于every,one;用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事;用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后;用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后;
固定搭配:a bit of/a lot of/a few/after a while/in a word/as a whole/in a hurry/in a way/as a matter of fact/as a rule/as a rusult/as a matter of fact/once upon a time/a series(number) of/quite a few(little)/once in a while/have a look/all kinds of/play a joke on/have a rest;have a good time/make a mistake/a great(good)many/ make a living/all of a sudden/keep an eye on/in a low voice/have a population of/for a while/once upon a time/a number of/do sb a favor/
零冠词
一般用法:名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等限制;季节,月份,星期,节假日,吃一日三餐前;表示球类,棋类等运动的名词前以and连接的两个相对的名词并用时;常见错误:have a supper;in an English;for an example;on a time;a kinds of;a child as he is;in the prison;he become a President;by a car/at the night/at the last/lose the heart/in the september/on the Monday/the class two/by mistake/in place of/at dinner/
介词
缺某个意义
in,on,at,with,as(为),before,after,by,from,through,to,for,through,without,over,above,about,of,before,up,off,for,by,during,from,since,instead,till,until,within,into,outside,inside,between,among,below,under,near,beside,around,out,along,across,like,against,for,off,back,except,as well as/according
to/across/Against/along/among/beneath/beyond/without/toward(s)
和动词搭配
Congragulations(永远是复数)、grow up、on purpose(故意)、participate in、prepare sb for sth、be famous for/graduated from/some,others/one,the other,as usual,be sick with,be strickt with/by means of/work out/apply for/in favour of 赞成,支持/regardless of 不管,不顾/fed up with 受够了,饱受,厌烦/be full of 充满…的/help sb with/go back to/as soon as 一…就/as well as/such as/too**to/so*that/so that/be angry with/get on well with sb/make one’s way to 往…走去/in fact/run away/laugh at/stop…from… 阻止…做…/as if 好像/as soon as possible尽可能早地/be amazed at对…感到惊讶/be busy doing忙着做/cut down 砍倒/regard…as… 把…当作…/if possible 如果可能的话/speak highly of 称赞
连词
并列
连词
and(和),or(或者),but (但是),yet(然而),for(因为),so(所以),while(而),when(这时),however,for,as well as(既…又),both … and(不但…而且),not only … but also(不但…而且),not … but(不是…而是),neither … nor(既不…也不),either … or(不是…就是);then,nevertheless,consequently
从属
连词
(1)that,which,who,whom,whose,when,where,why,of which(whom),most of which,as(引导定语从句)
(2)that,whether,if,whose,which,who,what,when,where,how,why(引导名词性从句)
(3)when,before,after,until,while,because,so,if,unless,although,as(引导状语从句)
(4)that (引导同位语从句,标志词:放在fact, news, idea, truth, hope, problem, information, wish, promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation, suggestion, conclusion等抽象名词后面,说明该名词的具体内容)
(5)It +is/was+被强调部分+ that /which/who/whom/whose+句子的其它成分:在这一结构中,
1)如果被强调部分是人,用“that”, “who”, “whom”;2)如果被强调部分是物,用“that”或“which”;
3)强调状语时,只能用“that”,不能用“when”, “where”和“why”;4)强调的主语是复数,主句的谓语动词也得用单数。
举例说明:It wasuncle Bill whoseaddress I lost./It waswe that/whoarrived there first, despite our detour (弯路).
It wasthe legislature (立法机构) thatplayed the decisive role in declaring the war.
It wasbecause it rained heavily thatthey didn’t go swimming. (不能用why)
改错:why he was late for school is because that he was ill yesterday.
注意:谓语动词强调:Do sit down. He did write to you last week.
(此种强调只用do/does和did ,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。)
(6)虚拟语气:统统把句子所虚拟的目标时态往过去推一个时态,比如虚拟的目标为现在,则虚拟语气句中用过去式,如果虚拟的目标时态为过去,则虚拟语气为过去完成时。如:与现在事实相反:If he were here, he would help us.与过去事实相反:If I had been free,I would have visited you.
与将来事实相反:If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go camping.
7)补充说明:demand, suggest, order, insist等引导的宾语从句中动词为should+do(should 可以省略)如:He suggested that we not change our mind.It is time that…句型中动词用过去式或should+do:It’s high time that we left/should leave.
代词
上下文
1
人称代词
主格
I, you, he,she, it, we, they
宾格
me, you, him, her,it, us,them
形容词性物主代词
my, your, his, her,its,our, their
名词性物主代词
mine,yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
2
反身代词
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself,ourselves,themselves
3
指示代词
this, that, these, those, such, some
4
疑问代词
who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
5
关系代词/连接代词
that, which, who, whom, whose, as
6
不定代词
one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
7
相互代词
each other,one another
无头绪
Away/against;back;though;through;as;it;that;no;none;never;ever;even;much;more;many;few;little;so;such;less;least;well;another;the other;each;either;neither;therefore;however;hence;both;later;before;ago;off;sometimes;always;seldom;usually;too;to;whether;also;nor;over;than;thus;all;besides;include;execpt;Perhaps/Please/Plenty/Possibly/Probably/Rather/really/Right/Seldom/Shortly/Since/sincerely/Slightly/So/Some/Sometimes/Soon/Sound/South/Still/Straight/Suddenly/Sure/That/Then/There/Therefore/This/Throughout/Thus/Today/Together/Tomorrow/Too/Under/Up/Usually/Very//Well/When//Whenever/Where/Wherever/Why//Yet/rather
有单词提示
名词
复数+s方法
不规则变化
例 词
1
改变名词中的元音字母或其他形式
man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, goose-geese, mouse-mice
2
单复数相同
sheep, deer, series, means, works, fish, species
3
只有复数形式
ashes, trousers, clothes, thanks, goods, glasses, compasses, contents
4
一些集体名词总是用作复数
people, police, cattle, staff
5
部分集体名词既可以作单数(整体)也可以作复数(成员)
audience, class, family, crowd, couple, group, committee, government, population, crew, team, public, enemy, party
规则变化:1) 一般情况加s2) 以o,s, sh, ch, x结尾加es,读/iz/。3) 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,读/iz/。
4) 以y结尾的专有名词或元音字母+y结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s,读/z/
5)以辅音字母+o结尾的,有生命加es,读/iz/;无生命加s,读/z/。6)以f,fe结尾,去f,fe变ves,读/vz/。
抽象名词具体化
可具体化:用于抽象名词具体化的名词前,如a failure 失败的人或事、a shame带来耻辱的人或事、a pit可惜的事、a must必需必备的事、a good knowledge of 精通掌握某一方面的知识;a great surprise;fix a time;a talk;more deaths;New businesses;A knowledge of English is a must
不可具体化:news, information, advice, weather, fun,furniture,progress;另外,总是以复数形式出现的名词有:repairs, preparations, wishes, regards, goods, clothes, politics, congratulations, sports, tears, works(工厂、著作),thanks, means, manners等等;
形容词副词
一般用法
1. somebody,something,anybody,anything,nobody,nothing后接形容词,如something special。
2. Be of +名词=be+名词转换为形容词,例如:be of great importance=be important
3. Be动词以及系统词(如look,sound,taste,feel,smell,become, grow, turn,go, become, keep,remain, stay, stand)
4. 形容词副词同形:early,fast,long和straight,bright,deep,high,far,fair,slow,late;名词加ly可转换为副词:hourly,daily,weekly,fortnightly,monthly,quarterly,yearly
5. 兼有两种形式的副词:(1)close与closely: close意思是“近”; closely 意思是“仔细地”。(2)late与lately: late意思是“晚”; lately 意思是“最近”。
(3)deep与deeply: deep意思是“深”,表空间深度;deeply时常表感情上的深度,“深深地”。(4)high与highly: high表空间高度;highly表程度,相当于much。
(5)wide与widely: wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是“广泛地”,“在许多地方”(6)free与freely: free的意思是“免费”;freely 的意思是“无限制地”
比较级
1. The + 比较级 + 句子, the + 比较级 + 句子
2. as+形容词或副词原级+as像……一样………在否定句或疑问句中可用so… as…例:He cannot run so/as fast as you.他跑得不如你快。
3. 可修饰比较级的程度副词:a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等。
4. than构成的习语:(1) more B than A A不如说B(2) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多 no less… than…与……一样……
(3)more than ,非常(4)rather than 而不是(5)other than 除……外。
5. 最高级:the+est/the most+三个音节以上的形容词
动词
谓语动词
1. 主要注意一般现在时、过去式,现在进行时、过去进行时、一般将来时、现在与过去完成时;同时还要注意考虑被动语态。
2. read,put,hit,bet,bid,cast,cost,let,spit,hurt动词过去式分词相同
3. 如下单词只接doing或名词:mind, miss, enjoy, imagine, practise, suggest, finish, escape, excuse, appreciate, admit, prevent, keep, dislike, avoid, risk, resist
如下短语接doing或名词:feel like, succeed in, be fond of, object to, get down to, be engaged in, insist on, think of, be proud of, take pride in, set about, be afraid of, be tired of, look forward to, devote oneself to, be worth, be busy, pay attention to, stick to
4.如下单词只接动词不定式to do:hope, want, offer, long, fail, expect, wish, ask, decide, pretend, manage, agree, afford, determine, promise, happen
5. 现在分词、不定式、过去分词都可以作独立成分:generally speaking一般说来;frankly speaking坦白地说;judging from/by...根据……来判断;considering.../taking...into consideration考虑到……;to tell you the truth说实话;seeing...考虑到……;supposing假设,如果;providing如果;given考虑到,鉴于;provided that如果
非谓语动词
1.To do/doing/done:看到简单句子或某个从句中出现了谓语动词后,则分析非谓语,尤其考虑done形式,然后看其他形式
2.下列短语中的to为介词,后接动名词作宾语:be used to doing 习惯于;object to 反对 ;devote oneself to 致力于;stick to 坚持 ;pay attention to 注意;respond to 回答 look forward to 期盼;see to 照料 ;contribute to 帮助;submit to 服从 ;adapt to 适应;apply to 运用 ;accede to 同意 就任;prefer ... to... 倾向于 ;adjust to 使自己适应于;owe to 归咎 ;react to 作出反应 ;access to 接近,进入(某地的)方法;通路 ;according to 按照,依照,视……而定;be addicted to 沉溺于……,对……上瘾
3.形式主语:Itis necessary for us to learn English well.形式宾语:His father’s sudden death madeitnecessary for him to leave school.
4.双写尾字母加ed或ing的单词:cut /put/swim /begin /get /forget /hit/spit /hiccup/run /sit /babysit /split /shut /win /shop /stop /drop /dig /plan /prefer /refer /let /step /trip /rob /set /dip/mop /nod /fit /fret /kidnap/nap/regret /pop/prop /rot/spot /slip/wrap /admit/ban
代词
反身代词
1
人称代词
主格
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
宾格
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
形容词性物主代词
my, your, his, her, its, our, their
名词性物主代词
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
2
反身代词
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
3
指示代词
this, that, these, those, such, some
4
疑问代词
who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
5
关系代词/连接代词
that, which, who, whom, whose, as
6
不定代词
one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
7
相互代词
each other,one another

语法填空与短文改错核心注意事项:

(大家自己可以在空格处填写一些心得,多思考)

1
人称代词
主格
I, you, he,she, it, we, they
宾格
me, you, him, her,it, us,them
形容词性物主代词
my, your, his, her,its,our, their
名词性物主代词
mine,yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
2
反身代词
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself,ourselves,themselves
3
指示代词
this, that, these, those, such, some
4
疑问代词
who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
5
关系代词/连接代词
that, which, who, whom, whose, as
6
不定代词
one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
7
相互代词
each other,one another

附1:不规则动词表

1. A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

cost cut hitletput read hurt

2. A---A---B型(现在式和过去式和过去分词同形)

beat beat beaten 打

3. A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

come 来 become run 跑

型(过去式和过去分词同形)

4. A ---B ---B

(1)在动词原形后加个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。

burn 燃烧 learn 学习 mean意思 hear 听见

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

(3)build lent 借给 lost 失去 sent 送 spend花费

(3)其:pay 付 lay 下蛋 say 说 bring 带来 buy 买 think 想 sleep 睡 keep 保持 sweep 扫 stood 站 understand 明白win 得胜 shine 发光 catch 抓住 teach 教 feel 觉得 fight 战斗 find 发现 get 得到 hang 绞死,挂 have 有 hold 握,举行leave 离开 make 制造 meet 遇见 sell 卖 shoot 射击 tell 告诉 smellsit坐 dig 挖

型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

5. A---B---C

(1)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。

eat ate eaten 吃 fall fell fallen 落下 steal stole stolen 偷

give gave given 给 freeze froze frozen 冻结 Taketook taken 拿

Seesaw seen 看见 write wrote written 写

Riderode ridden 骑 drive drove driven 驾驶

throw threw thrown 抛,扔 blow blew blown 吹

grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道

fly flew flown 飞 draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

show showed shown 展示

(2)过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。

speak spoke spoken 说话

break broke broken 破碎,折断

wake waked/ woke waked/ waken 醒

choosechose chosen 选择

forget forgot forgotten 忘记

(3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。

begin开始 ring 按铃 sing 唱 sink 沉 swim游泳 drink饮

(4)其他不规则动词的变化。 go 去 Lie躺 wear 穿

附2:考前的几句话:

不规则变化
例 词
1
改变名词中的元音字母或其他形式
man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, goose-geese, mouse-mice
2
单复数相同
sheep, deer, series, means, works, fish, species
3
只有复数形式
ashes, trousers, clothes, thanks, goods, glasses, compasses, contents
4
一些集体名词总是用作复数
people, police, cattle, staff
5
部分集体名词既可以作单数(整体)也可以作复数(成员)
audience, class, family, crowd, couple, group, committee, government, population, crew, team, public, enemy, party
规则变化:1) 一般情况加s2) 以o,s, sh, ch, x结尾加es,读/iz/。3) 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,读/iz/。
4) 以y结尾的专有名词或元音字母+y结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s,读/z/
5)以辅音字母+o结尾的,有生命加es,读/iz/;无生命加s,读/z/。6)以f,fe结尾,去f,fe变ves,读/vz/。

附3:基础词性转化表

1
人称代词
主格
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
宾格
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
形容词性物主代词
my, your, his, her, its, our, their
名词性物主代词
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
2
反身代词
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
3
指示代词
this, that, these, those, such, some
4
疑问代词
who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
5
关系代词/连接代词
that, which, who, whom, whose, as
6
不定代词
one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
7
相互代词
each other,one another

下表主要是让大家训练对短文改错中单词的敏感性

语法填空
短文改错
序号
注意点
序号
 
1
一般情况下只需分析空格左右两边三个单词,根据其词性与结构情况,即可判断出需要填什么词或什么词性的词语。
1
 
2
一定要严格按照做题的思维模式和步骤解题,如看到动词优先思考谓语动词以及被动语态,如果排除谓语动词则思考非谓语动词,而非谓语动词中又优先思考过去分词。
2
 
3
如果无单词提示,冠介连以及上下文决定的意义也排除的话,则要:
1.思考是否为固定搭配,这种搭配的线索词被隐藏:如空格前文有:more,则暗示可能填写than;后文有that,前文有可能填写such或so,再比如:too……to;neither……nor;either……or;as well as;as……as;drive(drove) back to等;当然也要注意和动词的搭配或常用的固定短语,比如as a result;for a while;as a matter of fact;with the help of;
2.实在不行,再代入常见的无头绪词,如as、that、it、around、back、never、any、some、through、however、though等。
3
 
4
语法填空一定要对并列连词有敏感性,尤其是and,它左右两边的结构应该要一致,比如都是过去式、形容词、动名词短语、谓语动词、名词等。通过一边的形式来推理另外一边的形式;
另外也要对从属连词有敏感性,一是有助于判断谓语动词的位置,二是可以帮助你判断出是什么从句,从而有助于理解上下文的逻辑关系。
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如果能判断出某个空格用各种词性的词,但是不知道如何变化,比较好的办法是回忆自己所认识和掌握的单词进行推断:如空格处给你attract这个动词,你判断出要改为名词但是不会改,请回忆自己记过的单词(取这个单词最后的2-3个字母或后缀)act,而act的名词为action,所以应该是attraction,当然这种方法不一定绝对正确,但至少比毫无头绪要好。类似的还有:distant(important);fun(fun);reason-reasonable/fashion-fashionable;
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如果是形容词性,还要判断是不是把某个词变为形容词后还要继续变为其否定,如把happiness变为happy后还要考虑是不是unhappy,但是也要注意:mean的形容词是meaningful 或meaningless;use的形容词为useful或useless;important的反义词unimportant;convenience的形容词convenient,反义形容词inconvenient(基本可类比important记忆)
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副词可以单独打个逗号,修饰整个句子;副词也可以放在动词后面修饰动词(注意:不一定和动词挨在一起,要注意判断);副词还可以修饰形容词放在形容词前面,如truely joyful/very reasonable,也可修饰动词放在动词前面,如:greatly touched;seldom go there(所有频度副词,如usually等);possiblely destroy the earth;
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8
如果是动词,而且是谓语动词,一定要同时考虑被动语态,而且尤其是要注意现在完成时和过去完成时,以及could(should/must)have done这些形式,以及虚拟语气。
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1
出题人出的不是题目,而是题目背后所隐藏的知识点、考点以及思考问题的方法或做题的技巧,那么题目就会体现这些东西,所以尽管用知识点去验证和试错。尤其是英语语文,不仅仅是一场简单的考试,同时也是一种学习和教育,以及扩展学生知识面、树立正确的人生观价值观的一种方式,所以一般的文章要么是体现人生哲理的,要么就是单纯的广告或科普类文章,所以太极端、太消极的东西一般不会涉及。
2
不过这种交流的方式并不是直接告诉你知识点、告诉你答案,而是通过题目考题的方式,将答案隐藏起来,但是会通过适当的方式将答案隐藏起来,你自己去搜寻,所以,如果你只是在做题目,永远都不可能做好,做任何事情都是一样,如果只是看到了问题的表象,看不到表象背后的东西,都不可能做好。
3
阅读理解、完形填空、七选五,不仅仅是有几个选项在那里摆着,更多的是作者和出题人想和学生们交流,所以考试其实也是一种交流、考试除了考技巧、知识点,还有就是训练学生对规则的遵守,对方法套路原则的遵守,做任何事都应该遵循前其应有的思维与做题规律,否则事与愿违、事倍功半,所以老师讲的方法、思维、做题的步骤一定要谨记在心,并付诸行动,而不是靠感觉。
4
相比理科,文科类的东西最大的难点在于很难自我验证。所以尤其是英语,你选了这个答案以后一定要多质疑自己,是否是这个答案,因为当你问这个问题的时候,就会思考其背后的语法意义,从而为正确解题找到突破点。另外,出题人对中难度以上的考点一定会设置障碍,所以并不是通常的大多数人所能想到的思维定式的东西,一定要记得:出题人不会让我们好过。

附:常见的

动词变名词

1.v+ ment 结尾

achieve---achievement成就

advertise---advertisement// advertising

agree— agreement

apartment 公寓

amusement 娱乐

argue---argument争吵

commit奉献—commitment

compliment 称赞,恭维

develop---development

disgree—disagreement

department 局,部

experiment 实验,试验

equip 装备---equipment 装备,器材

govern 统治—government 政府

manage---management经营管理

2.V+ tion 结尾

admit 承认—admission

attract吸引—attraction有吸引力的事或人;令人向往的地方

conclude—conclusion 结论

compete—competition 竞争,比赛

discuss—discussion讨论

educate-----education

decide----decision

describe—description描写,描绘

express 表达----expression 词语;表达方式

graduate 毕业—graduation

operate 操作,动手术—operation

organize----organization

imagine—imagination想象力

introduce—introduction介绍

instruct—instruction 指导,介绍

invent—inventor / invention

illustrate 阐明,举例说明--illustration

invite—invitation

inspire---inspiration灵感,鼓舞人心的

pollute----pollution污染

predict---prediction预言

pronounce---pronunciation

resolve 决心-----resolution 决心

impress 给人印象—impression 印象

permit 允许-----permission

suggest-建议,暗示--suggestion

solve解决-----solution 解决方法

3.V+ ance 结尾

allow—allowance 允许

appear—appearance外貌,出现

perform----performance 演出

exist—existance 存在

4.V+ ing 结尾

bathe 洗澡---bathing

end 结束----ending 结尾,结局

train 训练---training

mean ---- meaning 意义

say-----saying 谚语

5.V+ 其他

Beg(乞讨)—beggar 乞丐

sit--seat 座位

employ--employer 雇主,老板

--employee雇员

believe—belief 信仰

behave 行为,举止----behaviorknow---knowledge

fly—flight 飞行

heat 加热---heat 热量

hit 撞击------hit 轰动一时的人或物,碰撞

mix 混合-----mixture 混合物

press 按,压—pressure 压力

receive—receptionist接待员

serve—service 服务

succeed-- success

tour 在-----旅游,在-----作巡回演出直接+地点 tour China ---tour 旅游/ tourist 游客

pursue—pursuit 追求,从事

propose—proposal 建议

withdraw—withdrawal取钱;收回;撤退

survive—survival--survivor幸存者

arrive-- arrival到达

analyze—analysis 分析

名词变形容词

1名词+y

anger 生气-----angry

honest—honesty 诚实的

hunger---hungry

fog—foggy有雾的

fur----furry 毛皮的

guilt 罪恶---guilty 内疚的

health---healthy

luck---lucky

cloud---cloudy

wind—windy

rain---rainy

snow---snowy

sun—sunny

tourist------touristy游客多的

business---busy

salt 盐--- salty 咸的

shine---shiny 发亮的

silk 丝绸—silky 丝绸般的

sleep---sleepy 昏昏欲睡的

taste 口味,品味------tasty 甜的

2.名词+ ed

balance –balanced 平衡的

spot 斑点,地点----spotted 有斑点的

talent-----talented有天赋的

organized 有组织的

distusted 厌恶的

offended 生气的

crowded 拥挤的

polluted 被污染的

pleased 高兴的

3.名词+ ful/less

meaning—meaningful有意义的

care—careful/careless 小心的;粗心的

help---helpful /helpless

home—homeless 无家可归的

colour---colourful

pain 疼痛---painful 痛苦的

use---useless/useful

thank—thankful 充满感激的

peace 和平 ---- peaceful 平静的,宁静的

playful 顽皮的,爱玩耍的

4.名词+ able

adjustable 可调整的

comfort---comfortable

knowledge---knowledgeable

suit 一套-----suitable 合适的

5.名词+ ous

courage—courageous勇敢的

danger—dangerous

mystery 神秘-----mysterious 神秘的

6.ce 变 t

confidence----confident

difference---different

dependence—dependentindependence--independent

7. al 结尾

Addition—additional附加的,额外的

Class—classical 经典的

medicine 药----medical 医学的

music---musical

nature---natural 自然的

person---personal(私人的)

nation—national 国家的

education---educational有教育意义的

tradition----traditional传统的

origin起源---original 新颖的;独创的

grammar—grammatical语法的

globe—global 全球的

8.名词+ ly

friend—friendly

live---lively 活跃的,有生气的

love—lovely 可爱的

9.+ en 结尾

wood—wooden 木制的

wool—woolen 羊毛的

10. 其他

energy精力---energetic

strategy—strategic战略的

fool 傻子—foolish 愚蠢的

freedom 自由—free 空的,免费的

height 高度—high

illness 疾病--- ill

love—loving 慈爱的

death---dead

pleasure---pleasant/ pleased

popularity 流行性—popular

pride---proud

scientist----scientific科学的

形容词变副词

1.形容词+ly

bad—badly

bright—brightly 明亮地

casual—casually 随意地

clear—clearly 清楚地

complete—completely完全

correct---correctly正确地

final--finally

fortunate—fortunately幸运地

general—generally 一般来讲

loud—loudly

particular 特殊的,独特的—particularly

polite—politely

proper 合适的-,恰当的---properly

main------mainly 主要地

most 多数-----mostly 多半,大多数

normal---normally 正常地

quick—quickly

quiet—quietly 轻轻地,安静地

real—really

recent 最近的----recently 最近;近来

hard 难的;努力地---hardly 几乎不

late 迟的—lately 最近;近来

sad--sadly

slow---slowly

special—specially 专门,特殊地

specific---specifically特定地,明确地

strong—strongly 坚决地,强烈地

sudden—suddenly突然

usual—usually

2. 以le 结尾的去e + y

comfortable---comfortably

gentle—gently

possible---possibly

simple ----simply 仅仅;只;简单地

terrible---terribly

3. 辅音字母+ y 变 ily

easy—easily

heavy—heavily

happy--happily

4.特殊

good—well好地 well 身体健康的,井

true—truly

形容词变名词

efficient有效率的—efficiency 效率

patient—patience/impatience

dependent—dependenc依赖性independent—independency独立性

true—truth

high—height

wide—width

long—length

possible—possibility

responsible—responsibility

urgent—urgency 紧急

prosperous—prosperity繁荣

accurate—accuracy 准确性

形容词变动词

modern—modernize social--socialize

fast--fasten short/shorten

long—lengthen—length(n.) wide--widen

less--lessen strong—strengthen—strength(n.)

large—enlarge

词变动词

computer--computerize

名词---形容词—副词

beauty 美,美人—beautiful—beautifully

care—careful—carefully

care—careless—carelessly

difference---different---differently

fortune—fortunate—fortunately/unfortunately

happiness—happy—happily

hunger—hungry--hungrily

health—healthy—healthily

luck—lucky—luckily

noise—noisy—noisily

pride—proud—proudly骄傲地

sadness—sad—sadly

safety 安全;安全的地方—safe—safely

silence—silent---silently默默地

success—successful—successfully

truth—true—truly

unluck—unlucky—unluckily

wonder 奇迹—wonderful—wonderfully

方位的词 名词—形容词

East—eastern

West—western

South—southern

North---northern

In the west ofChina

In the westernpart of China

四大洲 名词-----形容词

Asia 亚洲–---- Asian

Africa 非洲----- African

Europe欧洲----- European

America 美洲-----American

既是形容词又是副词

straight

early get up early

anearly train

late be late for class

come late for school

deep dive deep into the sea

a hole deep large

high jump high;

a high mountain

hard a hard question;a hard stone

work hard / study hard

rain hard

long It takes too long

It takes a long time

far jump far

My home is far from school

straight a straight line

go straight along here

常见的两组容易混淆的单词

Group1

1.actionn.行动

actvt.做事,表演,演出

activeadj.积极的,主动的

actorn.演员

activityn.活动

2.Africanadj.非洲的,非洲人

African.非洲

3.apologizev.道歉

apologyn.歉意

4.angryadj.生气的,愤怒的

angern.生气,愤怒

5.agreementn.同意

agreev.同意

6.anxiouslyadv.焦急

anxiousadj.焦急的,忧虑的

anxietyn.急于,不安,忧虑

7.attendvt.出席,关心,照料

attentionn.出席,关心,注意

attentiveadj.专心的

attentivelyadv.专心地

8.achievevt.实现,取得,达到

achievementn.成功,胜利,目标

9.absencen.缺席,不在

absentadj.缺席的

10.arrivaln.到达,来到

arrivev.到达,来到

11.basicadj.基础的,根本的

basev.以...为基础

basen.基础,根本,基地

12.bathn.洗浴,洗澡

bathev.洗澡,游泳

13.beautifullyadv.美丽地,漂亮地

beautifuladj.美丽的,漂亮的

beautyn.美丽,漂亮

14.breathn.呼吸

breathev.呼吸

15.believableadj可信的

believev.相信

beliefn.信仰

Group2

1.chemistn.化学家

chemicaladj.化学的

chemistryn.化学

2.correctvt./adj.改正,/正确的

correctionn.正确,改正

correctlyadv.正确的

3.concludevt.推断,总结

conclusionn.结论,总结

conclusiveadj.决定性的

4.connectv.联系,连接

connectionn.联系,连接

5.comfortvt.安慰

comfortableadj.舒适,舒服

comfortablyadv.舒适地,舒服地

6.choosevt.选择

choicen.选择

7.celebratevt.庆祝

celebrationn.庆祝

8.centren.中心,中央

centraladj.中心的,中央的

9.completevt.完成

completeadj.完全的,完整的

completelyadv.完全,完整

10.crossv.横过,跨越

crossingn.路口

acrossadv.横过,跨越

11.certainadj肯定,当然,有把握

certainlyadv.肯定,有把握

certaintyn.肯定,当然,有把握

12.diev.死

deathn.死亡

deadadj.死的

dyingadj.将死的

deadlyadj.死一样的,致命的

13.distantadj.遥远的

distancen.距离,遥远

14.dirtn.脏,灰尘

dirtyadj.脏的

15.developvt.发展,进展,培养

developmentn.发展,进展

developingadj.发展中的

developedadj.发达的

16.defendv.保卫,保护,捍卫

defensen.保卫,保护,捍卫

17.darkadj.黑的,黑暗的

darknessn.黑暗

darkenv.使变黑

18.directionn.方向,指向,指示

directadj.直接

directlyadv.一直

19.dangern.危险

dangerousadj.危险的

dangerouslyadv.危险地

20.discussvt.讨论,谈论

discussionn.讨论,谈论

21.discovervt.发现

discoveryn.发现

22:自己总结的词性变化

<
>
秒词邦为中国三大词刚(秒词邦/百词斩/乐词),所有单词模块及软件界面设计都全部配套高考考研四六级等题型。这是中国首家分题型/分考点/分知识模块秒杀核心单词的一款真正的个性化定制化的单词软件,与普通的大众化单词APP有着显著区别。经过几年的匠心打磨,秒词邦即具备普通单词软件的核心功能,又不计成本地为了满足考生的真正需求进行极致的个性化设计与研发。

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