2021高考英语短文改错经典精讲(下)

2020-07-15 15:00| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

2021高考英语短文改错经典精讲(下)

开篇语
高考英语短文改错考点解析
非谓语动词
一、考点规律分析
短文改错对非谓语动词的考查主要涉及不定式符号 to 的有无,介词后该使用动词的什么形式
(用动名词),并列结构中几个非谓语动词是否一致,动词用作主语时用何种形式(可用动名词或不定式,但不能用动词原形)等。
二、真题单句归纳
(1) David and I wanted go off to find help but Bill insisted on staying near the car. (wanted 后加 to,因为want 后要加接不定式)(全国卷)
(2) …rather than go into the forest and getting lost.
(getting 改 get,因为 get 与其前的go 并列)(全国卷)
(3) David pointed to a path which he thought would probably leading to a village. (leading 改为 lead,因为其前有助动词 would)(全国卷)
(4) I went back to get David and helped him to stood up. (stood 改为 stand,因为 to stand up 在此为不定式结构)(全国卷)
(5) Charles and Linda Mason do all of these things as well as climbed building. (climbed 改为 climb / climbing,若将 as well as 视为连词,则将 climbed 改为 climb,因为它与其前的 do 并列;若将 as well as 视为介词,则 climbing,因为介词后动词用动名词)(全国卷)
(6)Modern people know more about health,  have better food,  and to live in clearer
surroundings.(去掉live 前的to, 因为 live与其前的 know, have 并列)(全国卷)
(7) The World Health Organization and other organizations are working improve health all over the   world.(improve前加to, to improve…为表目的的不定式短语)(全国卷)
(8) …you pay the cost of send a postcard, the librarian will write to you.(send改为sending,因为介词后接动名词作宾语)(全国卷)
(9) …and let you to know when the book you want has been returned (去掉 know 前的 to,因为其前有动词 let)(全国卷)
(10)I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays. (have改为having,因为介词后接动名词作宾语)(全国卷)
(11) I had always wanted return to the village after moving away.(return前加 to,因为 want 后要接不定式)(全国卷)
(12)It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. (drove改为 drive, 因为 drive 与其前的 to meet 并列,此处的 drive 为省略 to 的不定式)(全国卷)
(13)I look forward to hear from you soon.(hear改为 hearing,因为其前的 to 是介词)(全国卷)
(14)Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives us a sense of fair play and team spirit. (第一个play改为 playing,因为动词原形不能用作主语)(全国卷)
冠词
一、考点规律分析
短文改错对冠词的考查主要涉及冠词的误加和漏用,有时也考查不定冠词与定冠词以及零冠词的用法区别(包括 a 与 an 的区别)。其中,涉及最多的是,当一个单数可数名词表示泛指时,其前漏用不定冠词;另外,冠词在一些习语中的用法也是一个重要考点。
 
二、真题单句归纳
(1) After a hour or so we began to feel very frightened. (a 改为 an, 因 hour 读音以元音开头)(全国卷)
(2)I decided to climb the tree to see where we were. (the 改为a, 因此处并非特指,而是泛指)(全国卷)
(3)Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports.(去掉 the, 因这里的 books 表泛指,不表特指) (全国卷)
(4)Good health is person’s most valuable possession. (person’s 前加 a, 这里的 a 表泛指)(全国卷)
(5)Modern people know more about the health, have better food, and live in clearer surroundings.(去掉 the,因health 表泛指)(全国卷)
(6)There is public library in every town in Britain. (public library 前加a, 因这里的 public library 是单数可数名词表泛指,故在其前用 a)(全国卷)
(7)Maybe you could come during a winter holidays.(a 改为 the,因从含义上看,此处的 winter holidays 属特指或者是谈话双方都知道的)(全国卷)
(8)Today I visited the Smiths — my first visit to a American family. (a 改为 an, 因 American 的读音以元音开头)(全国卷)
(9)Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. (captain 前加冠词 the, captain 为特指)(全国卷)
(10) Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another.(the 改为 one,one 与下一行的 another 构成“一个……另一个”)(全国卷)
(11)I’ll take this chance to wish you wonderful time on your birthday.(wonderful 前加 a, 该表达与 have a good time 类似,其中的 a 不可省)(北京春季卷)
(12) Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.(去掉 a, catch sight of 是习语,意为“看见、瞥见”)(全国卷)
(13)For example, when I was a child, the rain was a mystery(奥秘)。(去掉 the, rain 在此泛指)(北京春季卷)
(14)We may be one family and live under a same roof.(a 改为 the,因 same 前应用定冠词(全国卷)
(15)As everyone knows,  it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.(在famous 前加 a, 注意 mountain 是单数可数名词)(全国卷)
(16)My teacher advised me to keep my diary.(my diary 改为 a diary,keep a diary 意为“写日记”) (全国卷)
 
 
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