高考英语细节理解题题型技巧及练习

2020-06-25 09:17| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

细节理解题:

Passenger pigeons(旅鸽) once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the 18thand 19thcenturies described flocks(群) so large that they darkened the sky for hours.

It was calculated that when its population reached its highest point, there were more than 3 billion passenger pigeons – a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

1. 翻译不要太死板,阅读只要懂大概意思就可以。

2.阅读的读都是泛读。

3.

24. In the 18thand early 19thcenturies, passenger pigeons _______.

A. were the biggest bird in the world

B. lived mainly in the south of America

C. did great harm to the natural environment

D. were the largest bird population in the US

Sadly, the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.

26. What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

A. To seek pleasure. B. To save other birds. C. To make money. D. To protect crops.

By the closing decades of the 19thcentury, the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged by Americans’ need for wood, which scattered (驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring storms contributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seen again.

In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden on September 1, 1914.

25. The underlined word “undoing” probably refers to the pigeons’ ______.

A. escape B. ruin C. liberation D. evolution

27. What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan?

A. It was ignored by the public. B. It was declared too late.

C. It was unfair. D. It was strict.

C

A typical lion tamer (驯兽师) in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip (鞭) and a chair. The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show. In reality, it’s the chair that does the important work. When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.

How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g. lose weight, start a business, travel more) ---- only

29. In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair?

A. They feel puzzled over choices.

 

C. They find it hard to make changed.

 

高考有时候要注意标点符号:

-----是解释说明。

1.

2.

This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is best, the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information. The end result is that we feel like we can’t focus or that we’re focused on the wrong things, and so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving.

It doesn’t have to be that way. Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face, remember this: All you need to do is focus on one thing. You just need to get started. Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people. If you have somewhere you want to go, something you want to accomplish, someone you want to become … take immediate action. If you’re clear about where you want to go, the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way.

28. Why does the lion tamer use a chair?

A. To show off his skills. B. To trick the lion.

C. To get ready for a fight. D. To entertain the audience.

30. What is the author’s attitude towards the experts mentioned in Paragraph 3?

A. Tolerant. B. Doubtful. C. Respectful. D. Supportive.

31. When the world is “waving a chair in your face”, you’re advised to _______.

A. wait for a better chance B. break your old habits

C. make a quick decision D. ask for clear guidance

文章主旨及标题题

二、

主旨:标题:文章最核心的内容

1.

最核心的内容一定要有高度重复或者引申象征的词语来论证。

2.

否则就可能构不成主旨标题。

3.

看文章的第一段、最后一段、每段第一句话,看着里面的最多的单词是什么,这个单词一定要在主旨或标题中出现才行,否则就是错误答案。

4.

除非,你找的关键词或者核心词可能就是一个大的事例的东西。

5.

要注意倒推法:如果A选项是标题或者主旨,是不是意味着文章主要要讲A的内容。

6.

要注意选项的结构:A x and y

7.

文章的主旨和标题一定要反应这篇文章的特殊性。

8.

标题的内涵外延不能太小,也不能太大。

(一)

There is one language that is used in every country in the world. The people who use it are young and old, short and tall, thin and fat. It is everybody’s second language. It is easy to understand, although you can’t hear it. It is sign language.

When you wave to a friend who is across the street, you are using sign language. When you smile at someone, you are saying, “I want to be friendly”, but you are not using speech. You are using sign language. When you raise your hand in class, you are saying, “Please ask me. I think I know the correct answer.”

Babies who can’t talk can point at things. They are using sign language. A policeman who wants to stop traffic holds up his hands. He is using sign language.

Many years ago, a French priest, Charles Michel de Epee, became interested in education for deaf people. He invented a finger alphabet (字母表). It is still in use. People can make the sign for letters and spell words with their hands, and deaf people can read and understand them. Soon there were schools for the deaf in many countries. The only university for the deaf is Gallaudet College in Washington, D.C.

Today, in the United States, there are special TV news programs for deaf people. The newsreader tells the news in sign language. At the same time, the words appear on the TV screen.

The actors in the Theatre of Deaf don’t spell every word. Sometimes they use hand signs. When they put two hands together, it means sandwich. They can make a roof with their hands when they want to show a house. One finger in front of an actor’s mouth can mean quiet. You can talk to people who are behind windows that are closed. And when you go swimming with your friends, you can have conversations under water.

How many hand signs do you use every day?

1. The passage is mainly about ______.

A. an introduction to sign language B. the importance of sign language

C. a famous priest in France D. how to use sign language

(二)

“It’s our tradition to help each other”, added Tenpa, a medical official in neighbouring Madoi County, who saidYushuhas always been quick to help other areas in times of trouble. “We have suffered many dangers and each time people inYushuhave sent food and clothes. We are always thankful to them and hopefully we proved it by being the first rescueteamto arrive in Yushu after the earthquake.”

The Madoi medical team arrived just hours after the violent 7.1-magnitudeearthquake hit Yushu.In two weeks, they have treated at least 1,800 people, while the county has donated 400,000 yuan.

The biggest fear in the earthquake area is the outbreak of diseases. Tenpa said, “Keeping things clean in the shelter is very hard. Even hand washing is almost impossible because of lack of water. Our team is spraying disinfectant (喷洒消毒剂) and we hope that will work.”

After driving for 13 hours with his medical team, Tian Jiancan said he immediately found a 40-year-old who was seriously injured after being trapped in atoppled house. Tian had to operate on the man in his emergency medical van. “If we had been one hour later, he would probably be dead. It’s good to see him out of danger now.” Tian’s medical team has treated over 3,200 people, including a 15-day-old baby and a 105-year-old man. They also helped to put up tents against winds, where patients are protected well.

One local man said although most doctors cannot speak Tibetan, they have shown their care and love through their actions.

2. What is the passage mainly about?

A. People in Yushu are encouraged by the medical team workers.

B. The doctors went along quite well in spite of the language trouble.

C. TheMadoi medical teamwas thefirstto arrive at the earthquake-hit area.

D. The medical workers made great efforts to help the people suffering from the earthquake.

(三)

People

However, the meaning of asmilein different cultures may be different. Depending on different cultures, smiling can express joy and amusement, but it can also indicate embarrassment. The following examples show this point of view:

1.转折之后的内容为主题内容。

2.

In an attempt to be open and friendly, people in the United States smilea lot. Every one smiles at each other, this nonverbal communication shows being friendly in the United States. However,in China, smiling is not only an expression of happiness, but also a way to avoid being embarrassed. Chinese people like smiling when they are embarrassed in order to avoid embarrassment. Smiling is a kind of good will but not sneer(嘲笑). For example: When a child falls off from a bike, the adults in China may smile, which is a kind of gentle encouragement and may not be a kind of impolite laugh.

When a person from the United States might blush(脸红)with embarrassment or become offensive, a Chinese might blush withsmile. To avoid serious misunderstanding, people who engage in intercultural communication should be able to understand the meaning of smiling appropriately. Related to the smile is the laugh. Also, different cultures have different meanings about laugh. For example, Americans can enjoy a very heartfelt belly (腹部) laugh that comes from the deepest emotions. However, most Chinese seldom laugh that way because they are thought to be silly except among close friends.

3. What is mainly talked about in the passage?

A. People smileat times.

错误原因:

1.转折之前的内容无法反应主题;

2.这个标题无法反应选项的客观性。。

3.

4.当一个标题无法或者几乎不反应文章的客观性特殊性

5.主旨太大,是不是无法反应文章的特殊性或者不精准;主旨太小

B. Smiling can express different feelings depending on different cultures.

C. Americans are more open and friendly than Chinese people. D. The Chinese people often hide their true feelings.

(四)

Edmund Halley(哈雷)was an English scientist who lived over 200 years ago. He studied the observations of comets(彗星)which other scientists had made. The orbit(轨道)ofone particular comet was a very difficult mathematical problem. He could not work it out. Neither could other scientists who dealt with such problems.

However,Halleyhad a friend named Newton, who was a brilliant(有才华的) mathematician. Newton thought he had already worked out that problem, but he could not find the papers on which he had done it. He told Halley that the orbit of a comet had the shape of an ellipse(椭圆).

Now Halley set to work. Heworked out the orbits of some of the comets that had been observed by other scientists. He made a surprising discovery. The comets that had appeared in the years 1531, 1607, and 1682 all had the same orbit. Yet their appearances had been 75 to 76 years apart(相隔).

This seemed very strange to Halley. The different comets followed the same orbit. The more Halley thought about it, the more he thought that there had not been three different comets, as people thought. He decided that they had simply seen the same comet three times. The comet had gone away and had come back again.

It was an amazing idea! Halley felt certain enough to make a prediction(预言)of what would happen in the future. He decided that this comet would appear in the year 1758. There were 53 years to go before Halley’s prediction could be tested.

In 1758 the comet appeared in the sky. Halley did not see it, for he had died some years before. Ever since then that comet has been called Halley’s comet, in his honor.

4. This passage in general is about ____________.

A. Halley and other scientists B. the orbit of a comet C. Newton and Halley D. Halley and his discovery

(五)

Sydney—Mobile phone has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have banned(禁止)students from carrying mobile phones during school hours.

Mobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas gifts, and more students want them.

Mary Bluett, an official, said mobile phone use is a distraction(分心)to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams.

She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t get in touch with their children.

Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school offices. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.

Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.

5. The topic mainly talked about in the text is ____________.

A. why the students should not use mobile phones in some Australian schools

B. when the students of some Australian schools can use their mobile phones

C. whether the Australian students can have mobile phones at school

D. how some parents feel when their children should not carry mobile phones

(六)

Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members, especially their parents, don’t know them as well their friends do. In large families, it is often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for advice. It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or many friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone. This communication is very important in children’s growing up, because friend can discuss something difficult to say to their family members.

However, parents often try to choose their children’s friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends. The question of “choice” is an interesting one. Have you ever thought of the following questions?

Who choose your friends?

Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?

Have you got a good friends your parent don’t like?

6. The main idea of this passage is that ___________.

A.Teenagers needfriends

B. Friends can give good advice

C. Parents often choosetheir children’s friendsfor them

D. Good friends can communicate with each other

(七)

Chinese warshipsset out on amission to protect Chinese commercial ships and crew from pirate attacksoff Somalia.

The fleet, which contains two missile destroyers and a large supplyship, is armed with special forces and helicopters. The missionalso plans to share information with other countries working in the area, military officials said.

The operation is China’s first major naval missionabroad. The two missile destroyers Haikou and Wuhan are top-of-the-line Chinese navy ships. They sail at a speed of 30 knots an hour. On board a destroyer, there are two helicopters, anti-aircraft missiles, anti-vessel missiles and cannon torpedoes (鱼雷). The destroyers can direct fire at a target 10km away.

One major problem for the ships is how they will resupply so far away from home. Officials said it will mostly depend on the supply ship, but China will also negotiate with other countries in the area to allow the ships to dock and resupply.

Though the purpose of the mission is to protect Chinese ships and crew, China has called for stepped-up cooperation on anti-piracy efforts. China announced it was sending warships to the area after the UN Security Council ( 联合国安理会) authorized nations to conduct land and air attacks on pirate bases.

“During the escort (护卫舰) operation, Chinese shipsare ready and willing to strengthen information and intelligence sharing as well as conduct humanitarian rescue operations with vessels of other countries according to the situation on the ground, ” said Huang Xueping, spokesman of the Ministry of National Defense.

The plan is for a mission of three months, according to Chinese news media. Piracy has taken an increasing toll on international shipping, especially in the Gulf of Aden, one of the world’s busiest sea lanes. Pirates have made an estimated $30 million hijacking(劫持) ships this year, seizing more than 40 vessels off Somalia’s 3, 000km coastline.

7. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. It’s a general introduction to the People’s Liberation Army Navy in China.

B. It mainly informs us how serious the problem of piracy has become.

C. It mainly introduces China’sfirst major naval mission abroad to readers.

D. It mainly tells readers why China sent the warships to Somalia.

(八)

Here are some steps to follow when you attract a bird to a birdhouse.

Bird watching is a favored pastime (消遣) and nothing is better than looking out of your window in order to do so.

Tempt the birds with food. Food is one of the biggest attractions for birds. Make sure you have an area close to the birdhouse where the birds can eat safely, free from attackers. Depending upon the species of bird that you want to move into

the birdhouse, you may also want to put up a liquid feeder close to it. Be sure that you keep squirrels and other animals away from the feeder as well.

Provide fresh water. Birds, like any other animal, will need fresh water. Consider putting in a birdbath close to where the birdhouse is located. Many birds will use a birdbath and you will likely have resident birds rather quickly. Keep the design of the birdbath simple and only two inches deep. Many different colors or patterns could confuse the birds. Some people do not know that a bird can drown if you provide water that is more than two inches deep.

Keep unwanted animals out of the birdhouse. There are different ways to keep unwelcome animals out of the area of a birdhouse. While you cannot protect the birds from all animals, there are different types of fencing that can be used to keep most animals at bay. This is one of the most important things you can do to attract birds to your birdhouse.

Keep children out of the way while you are actively recruiting(招募) birds. Once the birds have moved into the birdhouse, it is not quite as important, but at first children may discourage them from moving in.

8. What is the text mainly about?

A. Ways tofeed birds B. Tips for protecting birds.

C. Ways to draw birds to birdhouses.

D. Steps for building houses for birds.

Two friends have an argument that breaks up their friendship forever, even though neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, “In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence”. Given that this is the case, why aren’t students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit?

First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable...

Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable...

After both sides have calmed down...

Finally...

There will always be conflict in schools, but...

9.This article is mainly about _____________.

A. the lives of school children B. the cause of arguments in schools

C. how to analyze youth violence D. how to deal with school conflicts

(九)

Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper — a little bird called a honey guide.

The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax(蜂蜡)in the beehives(蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bee’s nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always fall to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share.

Scientists do not know why the honey guide likes eating the wax, but it is very determined in its efforts to get it. The birds seem to be able to smell wax from a long distance away. They will quickly arrive whenever a beekeeper is taking honey from his beehives, and will even enter churches when beeswax candles are being lit.

9.What can be the best title for the text?

A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover’s Helper

(十)

Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it’s because we have mirror neurons (神经元)in our brains.

Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that ...

Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but ...

Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior...

Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with ever more information concerning how humans behave and interact(互动)...

11.What is the passage mainly about?

A. Ways to find mirror neurons. B. Problems of mirror neurons.

C. Existence of mirror neurons. D. Functions of mirror neurons.

(十一)

One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Prof. James Murray to serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文)showing how it was used.

This was a huge task. So Murray had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and...

Minor joined the army of volunteers...

But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, ...

Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. ...

In 1910, Minor left Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was ...

Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. ...

12.What does the text mainly talk about?

A. The history of the English language.

B. The friendship between Murray and Minor

C. Minor and the first Oxford English Dictionary

D. Broadmoor Asylum and is patients

(十二)

For those who make

Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago.

Yet

The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly.

Then there is th

Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being “processed” at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines.

Man, however, is no

The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. Speed controls people’s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master.

13.What is the main idea of the passage?

Air travel

A.benefitspeople and industries.

B.Train Travel has someadvantagesover air travel.

D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.

1.少看了很多风景。

2.?????

3.????

代价

1.文章里面很多的句子其实都是在讲代价,但是他一定要用代价这个单词吗?

2.如果这个文章都是在用具体的案例、事实、数据来说明或者表达,你要注意去总结这些数据、安利、事实背后所指向的一个概念。

3.如果你发现文章按正常的套路分析下来,感觉做不对题:思考如下两点:

1.有时候出现的某个单词只是例句或者例证中的表象词。

2.注意梳理出表象词和例句背后深层次的情感、逻辑和真正要说明的东西。

3.注意是不是选项的意思弄错了。

4. 命题人会阅读透理解透文章的核心含义。

(十三)

Spring is coming, and it is time for those about to graduate to look for jobs. Competition is tough, so job seekers must carefully consider their personal choices. Whatever we are wearing,our family and friends may accept us, but the workplace may not.

A high school newspaper editor said it is unfair for companies to discourage visible tattoos (纹身)nose rings, or certain dress styles. It is true you can’t judge a book by its cover, yet people do “cover” themselves in order to convey (传递)certain messages. What we wear, including tattoos and nose rings, is an expression of who we are. Just as people convey messages about themselves with their appearances, so do companies. Dress standards exist in the business world for a number of reasons, but the main concern is often about what customers accept.

Others may say how to dress is a matter of personal freedom, but for businesses it is more about whether to make or lose money. Most employers do care about the personal appearances of their employees (雇员),because those people represent the companies to their customers.

As a hiring manager I am paid to choose the people who would make the best impression on our customers. There are plenty of well-qualified candidates, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. Even though I am open-minded, I can’t expect all our customers are.

There is nobody to blame but yourself if your set of choices does not match that of your preferred employer. No company should have to change to satisfy a candidate simply because he or she is unwilling to respect its standards, as long as its standards are legal.

14.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

A. Employees Matter B. Personal Choices Matter

C. Appearances Matter D. Hiring Managers Matter

(十三)

If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time,they become weak;When you start using them again,they slowly become strong again.Everybody knows that.Yet many people do not seem to know that memory works in the same way.

When someone says that he has a good memory,he really means that he keeps his memory in practice by using it.When someone else says that his memory is poor,he really means that he does not give it enough chance to become strong.

If a friend says that his arms and legs are weak.we know that it is his fault.But if he tells US that he has a poor memory.many of US think that his parents are to blame(责备),and few of US know that it is just his own fault.

Have you ever found that some people can't read or write but they have better memories? This is be cause they cannot read or write and they have to remember things;they cannot write them down in a little notebook.They have to remember days,names,songs and stories;So their memory is the whole time being exercised.

So if you want to have a good memory,learn from the people:practice rememberin

15.Give the best title(标题)for this passage.

A.Don't Stop Using Your Arms or Legs B.How to Have a Good Memory

C.Strong Arms And Good Memories D.Learn From the People

(十四)

Jay Chou(周杰伦)is a well-known name both in Taiwan and mainland. He is now one of Asia’s hottest pop stars. His catchy tunes have main-streamed(主流)rap and R&B in the Mando-pop world. In the past his teacher thought he was dumb(木讷). Talent spotters(观察者)thought he was ugly. But his success proves that the music still matters more than looks and image. His musical talent(才能)is recognized by fans, fellow-singers and producers. Now, a singing contest was held in Taiwan

Chou appeared at the contest with band “Nan Quan Mama”, which was discovered by Chou. Their first album the Summer of Nan Quan Mama, composed and produced by Chou was a great success.

Chou started his career at a singing contest, attracting the attention of record producers. But the successful singer does not believe in luck. He says it’s his passion for music and hard work that are keys to his success. He said, “I didn’t know how to sing at the beginning, so I lost the first time. But I was so determined that I never stopped trying. My advice to these young singers is never to give up, and always believe in yourself. ”

Chou’s confidence has strengthened his music. He is a great source of inspiration to youngsters who share his determination to become a superstar.

16.The best title for this passage can be ____________.

A. From an ugly dumb to a superstar (文章最核心的讲周杰伦的故事)

B. Jay Chou’s way to success

C. Jay Chou and his band D. Jay Chou’s life

From an ugly dumb to a superstar

周杰伦

李亚鹏

鹿晗

Superstar

(十五)

Do you want to live another 100 years or more? Some experts say that scientific advances will one day enable humans to last tens of years beyond what is now seen as the natural limit of the human life span.

"I think we are knocking at the door of immortality (永生),”said Michael Zey, a Montclair State University business professor and author of two books on the future. "I think by 2075 we will see it and that's a conservative estimate (保守的估计)."

At the conference in San Francisco, Donald Louria, a professor at New Jersey Medical School in Newark said advances in using genes as well as nanotechnology (纳米技术) make it likely that humans will live in the future beyond what has been possible in the past. "There is a great push so that people can live from 120 to 180 years," he said. "Some have suggested that there is no limit and that people could live to 200 or 300 or 500 years."

it

However, many scientists who specialize in ageing are doubtful about and say the human body is just not designed to last past about 120 years. Even with healthier lifestyles and less disease, they say failure of the brain and organs will finally lead all humans to death.

Scientists also differ on what kind of life the super aged might live. "It remains to be seen if you pass 120, you know; could you be healthy enough to have good quality of life?" said Leonard Poon, director of the University of Georgia Gerontology Centre. "At present people who could get to that point are not in good health at all."

17. What would be the best title for this text?

A. Living Longer or Not B. Science, Technology and Long Living

C. No Limit for Human Life D. Healthy Lifestyle and Long Living

(十六)

While drunk driving may be on the decrease, traffic safety experts remain puzzled over how to deal with another alcohol-related danger: drunk pedestrians(行人).

Pedestrians struck and killed by cars often are extremely drunk. In fact, they are drunk more frequently, and with higher blood alcohol levels, than drunk drivers who are killed in accidents, various studies have shown. Forty percent of adult

pedestrians involved in fatal crashes have a blood alcohol level of at least 0. 10, which by law in most states signifies intoxication(醉酒),compared to only 25 percent of drivers in deadly accidents, according to recent federal data.

Some types of pedestrian accidents have been decreasing nationally, especially those involving children, but the number of adult pedestrians who are drunk when killed in traffic has remained relatively steady at 2, 500 a year. The total number of pedestrians killed annually in US traffic accidents is at least 7, 000, or one of every seven highway accidents resulting in death.

“We’re dealing here, we think, with a very severe drinking problem that leads to a severe highway safety problem, ” said Richard Bloomberg, president of Dunlap and Associates Inc, in Norwalk, Coon.

Bloomberg, whose consulting company found a very high rate of alcohol involvement in a controlled study of pedestrian accidents in New Orleans, was among several researchers who spoke on the topic at the annual meeting of the Research Council’s Transportation Research Board (TRB) in Washington in January.

Pedestrian accidents have not received enough attention in the past, according to Kay Colpitts, who chairs the board’s committee on pedestrians. Few methods exist to monitor walking habits, she said, and researchers have been confused about how to prevent disasters.

18. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. Traffic Safety B. Drunk Drivers

C. Drunk Pedestrian Accidents D. A Severe Highway Safety Problem

(十七)

Daily life can be made happier. It is a matter of choice. It is our attitude that makes us feel happy or unhappy. It is true, we meet all kinds of situations during the day, and some of them may not be conductive (有好处的) to happiness. We can choose to refuse to think about the unhappy events. If we let outer events influence our moods, we become their slaves. On the other hand, we can free ourselves from outer influences. We can choose to be happy, and we can do a lot to add happiness to our lives.

What is happiness? It is a feeling of inner peace and satisfaction. It is usually experienced when there are no worries, fears or confused thoughts, and this usually happens when we do something we love to do or when we win, gain or achieve something that we value. It seems to be the outcome of positive events, but it actually comes from the inside,triggered(触发) by outer events.

For most people happiness seems passing quickly. One of the best ways to keep it, is by gaining inner peace through daily meditation(冥想). As the mind becomes more peaceful, it becomes easier to choose the happiness habit.

Here are a few tips for increasing happiness in daily life:

Try hard to change the way you look at things. Always look at the bright side.

Think of solutions, not problems.

Listen to relaxing, uplifting music.

Watch funny comedies that make you laugh.

Each day, devote some time to reading a few pages of an inspiring book or article.

Whenever you catch yourself thinking negative thoughts, start thinking of pleasant things.

19. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. Happiness Is the Goal in Daily Life. B. Happiness Exists in Everyone’s Mind.

C. Happiness Can Be Chosen by Us. D. Tips for happiness in Daily Life.

(十八)

As prices and building costs keep rising, the do-it-yourself'(DIY) trend(趋势) in the U.S. continues to grow.

‘We needed furniture(家具) for our living room,' says John Ross, ‘and we just didn't have enough money to buy it. So we decided to try making a few tables and chairs.' John got married six months ago, and like many young people these days, they are struggling to make a home at a time when the cost of living is very high. The Rosses took a 2-week course for $280 at a night school. Now they build all their furniture and make repairs around the house.

Jim Hatfield has three boys and his wife died. He has a full-time job at home as well as in a shoe making factory. Last month, he received a car repair bill for $420. ‘I was deeply upset (焦虑)about it. Now I've finished a car repair course(课程), I should be able to fix the car by myself.'

John and Jim are not unusual people. Most families in the country are doing everything they can to save money so they can fight the high cost of living. If you want to become a ‘do-it-yourselfer', you can go to DIY classes. And for those who don't have time to take a course, there are books that tell you how you can do things yourself.

20. What would be the best title for the text?

A. The Joy of DIY   B. You Can Do It Too!

C. Welcome to Our DIY Course!  D. Ross and Hatfield: Believers in DIY

单词词意题

三、

单词不认识:很正常。

1.

认识:就不正常。

2.

3. 单词词义:通过上下文的逻辑架构来解题。

So……that

(一)

Growing your own fruit and vegetables is one of the best things in the world. It is very good for your health and also brings happiness to you. To be a successful fruit-and-vegetable grower, check out these tips:

●A family affair(事件)

Get all family members to take part in growing. Children will learn where food comes from, and they may like to have their own little field.

●Size doesn’t matter

You can work in any place you like, not just in a common vegetable garden. Grow fruit and vegetables in a window box, or use your flowerbed (花圃) to grow vegetables and beautiful flowers together.

If you want to grow foodsorganically,you can’t use sprays (喷剂) that would harm children, pets and wildlife. You should work with nature rather than against it.

Growing your own food doesn’t take up too much time and costs little. A few seeds and some basic tools will be OK. Second-hand tools can often be both cheap and good to use.

1. The closest meaning of the underlined word "organically" is ____.

A. carefully B. Naturally C. happily D. Usually

(二)

12-year-old John Thomas Robertson is a born train fan. "I’ve liked trains probably from the day I was born," he told Good Morning America. "When I was very little," he said, "my grandpa got me a train model. I would just watch it go round for hours and hours."

n, he felt great

When Robertson finally had the opportunity to ride on a trai. His journey was so mind-blowingthat he couldn’t keep it to himself: he decided to take all his classmates to go on a ride with him. When he found that some of his classmates couldn’t pay the fare, he collected cans (罐子) and bottles and raised more than $1,000 for them.

2. The underlined words "mind-blowing" can be replaced by _____.

A. Amazing B. Terrible C. Important D. disappointing

That trip was such a happy one that he made it a yearly action. "It never gets boring for some reason; it’s just fun," he said. "It really lets people get away from their busy life and have fun."

Every October, Robertson takes a new group of children to ride on the train —but now, he has a problem. Several disabled children were refused because the train was not accessible (可用的) to disabled people. "He was angry to think that children of his own age couldn’t ride a train," his mother said.

But he wouldn’t say no: he recently sent a letter to the train office for help. To his surprise, the leader, Ty Pennington, accepted the letter in person. He said that he and his workers would work on making a train accessible to disabled people.

(三)

Jay Chou(周杰伦)is a well-known name both in Taiwan and mainland. He is now one of Asia’s hottest pop stars. His catchy tunes have main-streamed(主流)rap and R&B in the Mando-pop world. In the past his teacher thought he was dumb(木讷). Talent spotters(观察者)thought he was ugly. But his success proves that the music still matters more than looks and image. His musical talent(才能)is recognized by fans, fellow-singers and producers. Now, a singing contest was held in Taiwan

Chou appeared at the contest with band “Nan Quan Mama”, which was discovered by Chou. Their first album the Summer of Nan Quan Mama, composed and produced by Chou was a great success.

Chou started his career at a singing contest, attracting the attention of record producers. But the successful singer does not believe in luck. He says it’s his passion for music and hard work that are keys to his success. He said, “I didn’t know how to sing at the beginning, so I lost the first time. But I was so determined that I never stopped trying. My advice to these young singers is never to give up, and always believe in yourself. ”

Chou’s confidence has strengthened his music. He is a great source of inspiration to youngsters who share his determination to become a superstar.

3. The underlined part “matters more” most probably means ____________.

A. better B. more different C. more difficult D. more important

Laptop computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplace. In the United States today, laptops also connect students to their classrooms.

Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of the 1500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a $10 million computer program at Westlake, a 110-year-old college. The students with laptops will also have access to(可利用)the Internet. In addition, they will be able to use e-mail to “speak” with their teachers, their classmates, and their families. However, the most important part of the laptop program is that students will be able to use computers without going to computer labs. They can work with it at home, in a fast-food restaurant or under the trees-anywhere at all!

Because of the many changes in computer technology, laptop use in higher education, such as colleges and universities, is workable. As laptops become more powerful, they become more similar(相似)to desktop computers. In addition, the portable computers can connect students to not only the Internet, but also libraries and other resources. At Westlake College, more than 60 percent of the staff use computers. The laptops will allow all teachers to use computers in their lessons.

State higher-education officials are studying how laptops can help students. State officials are also testing laptop programs at other universities, too.

4. Why is the word “speak” in the second paragraph in quotation marks(引号)?

A. They don’t really talk. B. They use the computer language.

C. Laptops have speakers. D. None of the above reasons is correct.

5. “A window on the world” in the last paragraph means that students can ____________.

A. attend lectures on information technology B. travel around the world

C. have free laptops D. get information from around the world

Do you want to live another 100 years or more? Some experts say that scientific advances will one day enable humans to last tens of years beyond what is now seen as the natural limit of the human life span.

"I think we are knocking at the door of immortality (永生),”said Michael Zey, a Montclair State University business professor and author of two books on the future. "I think by 2075 we will see it and that's a conservative estimate (保守的估计)."

At the conference in San Francisco, Donald Louria, a professor at New Jersey Medical School in Newark said advances in using genes as well as nanotechnology (纳米技术) make it likely that humans will live in the future beyond what has been possible in the past. "There is a great push so that people can live from 120 to 180 years," he said. "Some have suggested that there is no limit and that people could live to 200 or 300 or 500 years."

it

However, many scientists who specialize in ageing are doubtful about and say the human body is just not designed to last past about 120 years. Even with healthier lifestyles and less disease, they say failure of the brain and organs will finally lead all humans to death.

Scientists also differ on what kind of life the super aged might live. "It remains to be seen if you pass 120, you know; could you be healthy enough to have good quality of life?" said Leonard Poon, director of the University of Georgia Gerontology Centre. "At present people who could get to that point are not in good health at all."

6. By saying "we are knocking at the door of immortality", Michael Zey means _______.

A. they believe that there is no limit of living

B. they are sure to find the truth about long living

C. they have got some ideas about living forever

D. they are able to make people live past the present life span

Living an Adventurous Life

Nearly ten years ago, I was told that I had a brain tumor (瘤), and this experience changed my attitude about adventure forever. I thought that I was going to die and that all my adventures were over. I did not have a brain tumor, it turned out, but rather multiple sclerosis (多发性硬化症), which meant that, although they were not over, the nature of my adventures could have to change.

Each morning that I wake up is a fresh event, something that I might not have

had. Each gesture that I make carries the weight of uncertainty and demands significant attention: buttoning my shirt, changing a light bulb, walking down stairs. I might not be able to do it this time. If I could not delight in them, they would likely drown me in anger and in self-pity.

I admire the grand adventures of others. I read about them with interest. With Peter Matthiessen I have hiked across the Himalayas to the Crystal Mountain. I have walked with Annie Dillard up, down, into, and across Tinker Creek in all Seasons. David Bain has gone with me along 110 miles of Philippine coast, and Ed Abbey has rowed me down the Colorado River, I enjoy the adventures of these courageous figures, who can strike out on difficult trips - 2 miles, 250 miles, 3000 miles – ready to bear cold and tiredness - indeed not just to bear but to celebrate.

But as for me, I can no longer walk very far from the armchair in which I read.

Some days I don't even make it to the backyard. And yet I'm unwilling to give up the adventurous life, the difficulty of it, even the pain, the anxiety and fear, aud the sudden brief lift of spirit that makes a hard journey more attractive.

I refine adventure, make it smaller and smaller. And now, whether I am moving on my hands and knees across the dining room to help my cat, lying wide-eyed in the dark battling another period of sadness, gathering flowers from the garden, meeting a friend for lunch, I am always having the adventures that are mine to have.

7. What does "adventurous life" in the title mean to the author?

A. The struggles of great people against difficulties.

B. Her concern about giving up certain activities.

C. Her adapting to the situation with an illness.

D. The exciting traveling experience of others.

A letter to Edward, a columnist

Dear Mr Expert,

I grew up in an unhappy and abusive(虐待的) home. I always promised myself that I’d get out as soon as possible. Now, at age 20, I have a good job and a nice house, and I’m really proud of the independence(独立) I’ve achieved.

Here’s the problem: several of my friends who still live with their parents wish they had places like mine — so much so that they make mine theirs.

It started out with a couple of them spending the weekends with me. But now they seem to take it for granted that they can show up any time they like. They bring boyfriends over, talk on the phone and stay out forever.

I enjoy having my friends here sometimes— it makes the place feel comfortable and warm— but this is my home, not a party house. I was old enough to move out on my own, so why can’t I seem to ask my friends to respect my privacy(隐私)?

Joan

Edward’s reply to Joan

Dear Joan,

If your family didn’t pay attention to your needs when you were a child, you probably have trouble letting others know your needs now.

And if you’ve gathered your friends around you to rebuild a happy family atmosphere(气氛),you may fear that saying no will bring back the kind of conflictyou grew up with— or destroy the nice atmosphere you now enjoy. You need to understand that in true friendship it’s okay to put your own needs first from time to time.

Be clear about the message you want to send. For example, “I really love your company but I also need some privacy. So please call before you come over.”

8. The underlined word “conflict” in the second letter means __________.

A. dependent(依赖的) life B. fierce (激烈的) fight

C. bad manners D. unforgettable moments

Tryhands-on-science. Visit one of the many hands-on-science museums around the country. These science play-lands are great fun for kids and grown-ups alike.

9.

What does “hands-on-science” mean in the last paragraph?

A. Science games designed by kids. B. Learning science by doing things. C. A show of kids’ science work. D. Reading science books.

Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest,the followerreaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches.

10.What do the words “the follower” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. A bee. B. A bird. C. A honey seeker. D. A beekeeper.

观点态度题:

1.悲观的、乐观的、积极的、消极的-消极的词语、积极的词语

2.意图推断:推--文章如果扎扎实实有得,就不是答案。

表象往往不是答案:

A.介绍一诺贝尔将要讲解的话题。

B.吸引同学参加《》《》《》《

C.告知同学们……………………

3.文章出处或题材:

A.官方报道:www.

b导游规范

C.散文

D.电影评论

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秒词邦为中国三大词刚(秒词邦/百词斩/乐词),所有单词模块及软件界面设计都全部配套高考考研四六级等题型。这是中国首家分题型/分考点/分知识模块秒杀核心单词的一款真正的个性化定制化的单词软件,与普通的大众化单词APP有着显著区别。经过几年的匠心打磨,秒词邦即具备普通单词软件的核心功能,又不计成本地为了满足考生的真正需求进行极致的个性化设计与研发。

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