高考英语完型填空满分技巧与心法(必须要看) 命题人的命题逻辑:

2020-06-25 09:20| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

高考英语完型填空满分技巧与心法(必须要看)

命题人的命题逻辑:

1.和七选五的区别:

共同点:都是命题人找了篇合适高中生阅读的文章,不能专业,不能完全侧重于某个领域的文体,大家都是有话说的,都能够正常理解和发挥。然后

七选五考宏观的结构,上下文句的逻辑;完型填空考微观:句子内部的逻辑以及句子之间的单词逻辑。

2.然后就开始挖空,空不是随便挖的,肯定不是,因为命题人也得需要按这两个题型的逻辑做题路径把挖掉的放进去,或者向学生解释(解释的依据:客观的逻辑,做题的方法,经得起推敲)。

考的是学生的一种

3.这个题是英国人发明的,。

4.挖的时候要讲原则:

(1)第一句一般不挖。一般是不适宜挖空。原因:怕万一第一句搞不定,会导致整个文章分析出问题,这种情况是命题不想看到的。

(句子内部的逻辑;句子之间的逻辑)或者搭配。

(2)主要挖具有逻辑关系的空格

做完型大多数取决于你对上下文逻辑结构的深入理解,而不是语言本身的翻译上得了理解。

如果逻辑关系没有搭配也没有,这种考法没有质量。

(3)适当的合理的分配挖掉的单词的词性。但是不代表考这个词性。只是为了单词布局合理,不重复。2个左右是可能带有语法性质。搭配。

(4)挖的空要要有一定均衡性:ABCD个数几乎一致;不能这个句子挖几个,有成片的句子不挖空。还有就是对全文翻译具有绝对影响但是大多数同学无法准确理解的地方,往往不挖空。

5.挖了单词以后就放到选项里,比如挖了一个名词:一定会放三个名词。但本上不是考察单词的区别:而是你从文章里阅读到的语义逻辑,然后去四个选项里挑而已。

军旗理论:

6.文章一般要有教育意义:积极性,消极的不考。能够给学生正能量:完型填空的文章:百分之八十会让你有所收获:学到一点东西:考试不仅仅是考试,也是学习的一个方式。

考生的做题逻辑:

1.先看第一句的二句:命题人会非常注重第一句:、

作用1:交代事情故事发生的时间、背景以及整个文章的行文风格和基调。

作用2:语义--比作一条河流。第一句相当于语义流的始发点,从第一句到最后一句,整个语义流应该是通顺的,通畅的。

但为何是通畅是由整个流向中所堆砌的单词之间的逻辑和单词所代表的语义决定的。

做题的三种境界:思维路径:

低手:文章都看不懂,和命题人完全不在一个频道,压根不知道完型填空考啥。

一般:能看懂文章,随机,被动应付,趴在卷子上。

真正高手:站在文章之上俯视这个文章。

看山不是山;看水不是水。

2.从第一句话开始不断地预测和语义试错:要主动的预测接下来要发生的东西。而不要被动地根据单词翻译被动地接受命题人或者作者想要传达的东西。就像看电视剧。

因为人类的逻辑是通的,语言也是通的。对应是通。

如果预测对了,效率大大提高,预测错了,不断重新修正自己的预测路径。

3.完型填空因为需要细致的把握文章的语义,所以要把自己放到文章里面去,假设自己就是记者、就是旁观者,就是作者,就是主人公,亲身体会行为人当时的动作、心理活动、行为轨迹以及情感。不要浮在文章上面表面。

第三者,纯粹看戏的心态不行,需要站在作者、主人公的立场去感受思考,和作者进行思想情感的互动与交流。

考试其实也是一种交流:你和命题人的交流、作者的交流(命题人需要非常了解这个作者和文章)、阅卷人的交流(作文)。

4.完型填空的答案一定在文章中告诉你了。不考语法那就一定是逻辑或者必然的语义:

你看逻辑词或逻辑特别突出的地方要特别注意:although/however。 ________But 单词。

5. 命题人所有的坑都是从文章到选项设计的,但是对于考生来讲这就是麻烦的地方,因为很有可能被命题人的逻辑带进去。这种缺陷的解决方案:

从选项到文章:因为命题人选的四个选项肯定不能相同,或者相同的相近的一定不是答案。

所以,每个单词一定有这个单词的使用逻辑和语境语义。

倒推:从选项到文章:可以有效避免命题人从文章到选项设置的坑。

5.如果ABC不认识,D认识如何处理:先从D下手,D如果是正确的,问题解决;如果D 不认识;AB认识,CD不认识,从AB下手。AB意思相近,排除AB,看上下的选项特征:

连续两个正常;3个很少出现;4个不正常,但也不是完全决对;5个连续一样绝对有问题;一个选项要重复出现的最大间隔:七个。(一般情况6左右)

6.学会分析和感悟每个单词的感情色彩(具有很明显的报褒贬色彩);区别于单词的使用场景。

7.单词复现:往往是答案。

1

__1__

I bought a big tractor to grow sweet corn. The giant tractorthe waste land into fields at an amazing speed. And thanks to the fertile soil, the corn grew so well.__2__, I was troubled by the damage caused by raccoons(浣熊). Justbefore the __3__, large amounts of corn were eaten.

boot __8__ I rel

I placed__4__ in several places around the fields, and ended up catching a young raccoon. The mother stayed next to it, and didn’t __5__ when I approached. When I tried__6__ out tothe trap, the young raccoon showed its__7__ and got really upset. It seemed cruel, but I held its head down with my rubbereased it. It didn’t run away though. Right in front of _9___, the mother started licking(舔)the young one’s _10___ leg. Seeing that, I felt I'd committed an awful crime.

Then I started leaving small piles of second-rate corn around the edges of the _11___.

看选项之前要预估:在田边。

They were not, good enough to sell. The next morningthey completely __12__.

英语里要把连词、代词、介词翻译准确:they---代表玉米。代词没有翻译准确导致错误(以为they代表浣熊。)所以选了escape。

But the raccoons didn’t cause __13__ damage. I had worried that if I actually fed them, the raccoons would __14__ me more,

Bother打扰。

but that didn’t happen. So I decided to__15__ using the traps and continue to _16___ the second-rate corn. After that, damage by the raccoons stopped almost completely.

into

My eyes were opened to the mysteries of _17___. Farmers suffer the damage because they __18__ everything. We turn what used to __19__ the raccoons our fields. So while farming, we should learn to share, which is our __20__.

1. A. divided B. got C. transformed D. transported

2. A. Therefore B. However C. Otherwise D. Besides

3. A. winter B. sale C. sowing D. harvest

4. A. traps B. cages C. sticks D. fences

5. A. break away B. run away C. jump up D. turn up

6. A. handing B. taking C. standing D. reaching

7. A. tail B. neck C. teeth D. mouth

8. A. as B. because C. unless D. after

9. A. it B. me C. them D. us

B. abandoned

10. A. wounded D. exhausted

11. A. trees B. houses C. fields D. nests

12. A. disappeared B. died

 

13. A. permanent B. little C. less D. other

14. A. fight

B. bother C. scare D. cheer

15. A. begin B. continue C. stop D. delay

16. A. send out

B. put out C. get in D. take in

D. nature

17. A. humans B. plants C. farm

18. A. take B. bring C. give D. lose

19. A. refer to B. turn to C. belong to D. lead to

20. A. wealth B. reaction C. right D. responsibility

2

There was once a bridge over a river. At certain times each day, a train would come along and the bridge would be turned sideways across the fiver, __1__ the train to cross it.

__5__

A switchman in a small room on one side__2__ the controls to turn the bridge and lock it into place before a train crossed it. One_3___, as he was waiting for the last train to come, he looked __4__ into the—Land caught sight of the train lights. He stepped to the controls and started to turn the bridge into;however, to his horror, he found the locking control did not __6__. The bridge wobbled (摇摆) back and for¨1 at the ends. __7__ the train came onto the bridge, it would __8__the track and fall into the fiver. That was a passenger train.

He__9__ across the bridge to the other side where there was a lever (控制杆) he could operate by hand. After that he took hold of it__10_, locking the bridge. Many __11__ depended on his strength.

Then, coming across the bridge, he heard a sound, making his blood run __12__. “Daddy, where are you?” His four-year-old son was crossing the bridge to __13__ him.His first thought was to cry out to him, “__14__!”But the train was too__15__;the tiny legs would never make him across the bridge in time. The man _16___ left his lever to run to carry his son to __17__.

But he took a minute to make his __18__. The train speeded safely and nobody aboard was even aware of the tiny __19__ body thrown into the river by the onrushing train. Norwere they aware of the pitiful figure of the __20__ man.

1. A. ordering B. forcing C. persuading D. allowing

2. A. gained B. released C. operated D. checked

3. A. evening B. afternoon C. morning D. dawn

4. A. direction B. distance C. side D. line

5. A. depth B. space C. bottom D. position

C. work

6. A. shake B. pause D. bend

7. A. Before B. If C. Although D. Since

8. A. jump B. follow C. press D. produce

9. A. drove B. wandered C. hurried D. climbed

10. A. politely B. bravely C. slowly D. firmly

11. A. trains B. lives C. bridges D. conductors

12. A. cold B. cool C. warm D. hot

13. A. care about B. look for C. attend to D. depend on

14. A. Stop

 

15. A. heavy B. small C. long D. close

16. A. also(离开)B. almost(几乎) C. quietly(离开了)D. secretly(离开了)

17. A. safety B. health C. pleasure D. comfort

18. A. appointment B. will C. decision D. attempt

19. A. sick B. strong C. weakened D. broken

20. A. crying B. complaining C. dying D. struggling

3

Nagori had a decent life. But people __1___ him. It was because he had borne a stain(污点)in his life—Varyu, his son, a complete alcoholic. He would seldom work but __2___ most of the time. Nagori ___3__ every night. He had done everything to change his son. But Varyu broke away from everything. ___4__ meant very little to him;all he wanted to do was enjoy his ___5__. Sheetal, Nagori’s daughter __6___ for her life when her brother entered the house. Varyu would pull her hair as he would __7___ her to get cigarettes, regardless of the time.

One day, looking at Nagori’s tensed __8___, the temple sage(智者)asked him what __9___ him. Nagori sobbed, “What have I done to deserve a son like Varyu?” The sage stretched out his hands and __10___ Nagori, “Don’t let this break you. Send your son to me tomorrow. ”

Surprisingly, Varyu turned up. The sage took him to the ___11__. “Pull out that branch,”said the sage and Varyu just broke it and handed it to him. “Pull out that plant from the ground, ’’said the sage. After some __12___ pulling, the plant was in his hands. Then the sage asked Varyu to put out a small tree. Varyu __13___, thinking it would be a piece of cake. But to his surprise, the __14___ tree did not come out.

Varyu did with all his ___15__, but in vain. Finally he gave up. The sage smiled and said, “Bad habits are just like that tree. Once they are __16___ rooted, it is almost __17___ to get out of them. In the beginning you rule your body, but when bad habits ___18__, they rule your body. So if you want to control your body, the __19___ is now. ”

___20__ by the wise words, Varyu returned home and became a reformed alcoholic(改过自新的酗酒者).

1. A. encouraged B. refused C. pitied D. hated

2. A. sleep B. drink C. travel D. complain

3. A. wept B. analyzed C. struggled D. argued

4. A. Education B. Friendship C. Values D. Exercises

5. A. freedom B. right C. life D. holiday

6. A. bogged B. feared C. prepared D. searched

7. A. help B. request C. persuade D. force

8. A. face B. muscle C. hands D. legs

9. A. satisfied B. worried C. threatened D. prevented

10. A. calmed B. scolded C. shook D. supported

11. A. street B. temple C. factory D. forest

12. A. long B. dead C. forceful D. steady

13. A. disagreed B. admitted C. hesitated D. smiled

14. A. tall B. stubborn C. beautiful D. dry

15. A. strength B. knowledge C. courage D. patience

16. A. fortunately B. secretly C. accidentally D. deeply

17. A. dangerous B. impossible C. foolish D. illegal

18. A. take over B. make up C. pass by D. stay up

19. A. direction B. signal C. time D. result

20. A. Astonished B. Praised C. Confused D. Touched

4

Learning to Accept

I learned how to accept life as it is from my father. 1 , he did not teach me acceptance when he was strong and healthy, but rather when he was  2 and ill.

My father was 3 a strong man who loved being active, but a terrible illness  4 all that away. Now he can no longer walk, and he must sit quietly in a chair all day. Even talking is  5 . One night, I went to visit him with my sisters. We started 6 about life, and I told them about one of my  7 . I said that we must always give things up  8 we grow---our youth, our beauty, our friends---but it always  9 that after we give something up, we gain something new in its place. Then suddenly my father 10 up. He said, “But, Peter, I gave up  11 ! What did I gain?” I thought and thought, but I could not think of anything to say.  12 , he answered his own question: “I  13 the love of my family. ” I looked at my sisters, and saw tears in their eyes, along with hope and thankfulness.

I was also  14 by his words. After that, when I began to fell irritated (愤怒的)at someone. I  15 remember his words and become  16 . If he could replace his great pain with a feeling of love for others, then I should be  17 to give up my small irritations. In this  18 , I learned the power of acceptance from my father.

Sometimes I  19 what other things I could have learned from him if I had listened more carefully when I was a boy. For now, though, I am grateful for this one  20 .

1. A. Afterwards B. Therefore C. However D. Meanwhile

2. A. tired     B. weak       C. poor       D. slow

3. A. already    B. still       C. only       D. once

4. A. took      B. threw       C. sent       D. put

5. A. impossible   B. difficult     C. stressful    D. hopeless

6. A. worrying    B. caring   C. talking      D. asking

7. A. decisions    B. experience    C. ambitions    D. beliefs

8. A. as       B. since      C. before      D. till

9. A. suggests    B. promises     C. seems      D. requires

10. A. spoke     B. turned     C. summed     D. opened

11. A. something   B. anything    C. nothing     D. everything

12. A. surprisingly   B. Immediately    C. Naturally     D. Certainly

13. A. had      B. accepted     C. gained      D. enjoyed

14. A. touched    B. astonished     C. attracted    D. warned

15. A. should     B. could       C. would       D. might

16. A. quiet     B. calm       C. relaxed      D. happy

17. A. ready     B. likely      C. free       D. able

18. A. case      B. form       C. method      D. way

19. A. doubt     B. wonder      C. know       D. guess

20. A. award     B. gift        C. lesson      D. word

<
>
秒词邦为中国三大词刚(秒词邦/百词斩/乐词),所有单词模块及软件界面设计都全部配套高考考研四六级等题型。这是中国首家分题型/分考点/分知识模块秒杀核心单词的一款真正的个性化定制化的单词软件,与普通的大众化单词APP有着显著区别。经过几年的匠心打磨,秒词邦即具备普通单词软件的核心功能,又不计成本地为了满足考生的真正需求进行极致的个性化设计与研发。

公司地址

湖南省长沙市天心区财富中心大厦

0731-83998949(服务时间:9:00-18:00)

2841922010@qq.com

新浪微博 官方微信官方微信

联系我们

服务电话:0731-83998949
官方微信:miaocibang
微信小程序:秒词邦
网址:www.miaocibang.cn

返回顶部