高考英语阅读理解超级个性化满分方案笔记

2020-06-25 15:59| 发布者: admin| 查看: |

高考英语阅读理解超级个性化满分方案笔记

1.先看题目,然后再根据题目回到原文。

2.要有题型意识:阅读理解必须要用题型所对应的方法去解题:

3.至于文章本身是什么内容、什么问题,都是阅读理解背后深层要考察的阅读能力的表象而已。换而言之是什么文章无关系,要紧的是分析出什么题型、用什么方法解题,然后要注意命题老师在命题过程中所设置的陷阱和套路。

细节题 1.最简单的细节题:确定题目的关键词,根据关键词去文章找关键词所出现的句子,再分析句子的意思甚至直接套到我的选项即可。
2.不需要进行任何的变化。只要找到地方,答案一般就在那个关键词所在的句子,有时候也会往上下文找一个句子。
1.有时候为了加大难度,你找的细节理解题的关键词不一定在文章中直接摆出来。
2.这时需要关注你所找的关键词的同义词、反义词、同类的词。
1.以why/how这两个疑问词出现的,不仅仅要找关键词(关键词只是用来定位大概位置,但是不代表答案你也找到了)
2.需要你根据意思去理解,到底原因、目的、结果、条件、方式等。
3.To do在文章中一定要翻译为:为了。
4.Then:然后;there is/is there :有、
5.Thank you all the same:同样要感谢你。
6.and在翻译的过程中,尤其是句子开头,往往不翻译。
主旨标题题 1.看文章的第一段、最后一段、每一段的第一句话,看出现的最多的单词是什么?这个单词必须在选项中出现。
2.不出现的就不是答案。
3.有时候会有同义词、替换词,还有的时候比如:第一段里有:but;however,这种表示转折的概念词,意味着转折词以后的东西才是主题。
4.还有的选项可能只是在文章中出现过一次或者出现的很少也不是答案。
5.出现在例子中的信息不能做主旨或者标题。
6.可以用反推:比如谁可以喝能量饮料这个为标题的话,那么文章要写成:谁能喝、谁不能喝,如果是就是答案如果不是:就不是答案。
单词词义题 1.单词不认识,正常;认识,不正常。
2.如果认识,可能是考察你不知道的意思,而你知道的意思往往不是答案,但也需要去文章进行意思上的验证。
3.既然是不认识,又要作出提,就必须通过上下文的逻辑:
(1)so^that:
(2)Because
(3)As ^as
(4)For example/such as
(5):
(6)———
(7)However
(8)Meanwhile
(9)Therefore
(10)And你
(11)But
目的推断题 基本上可以用细节理解来做。
总得原则
1.翻译准确:但是不要全文翻译,只看题干对应的句子。其他的句子没用,只是用来提示某些信息,或者使得文章是完整的。
2.注意选项和文章的关联关系;
A.如果某个选项感觉文章没有则需要用排除法再次验证。
B.如果某个选项感觉是答案怎么办?要注意和原文的具体差异是什么?比如有时候会有原文是一般现在时、选项可能是过去式;原文被动语态、选项是主动语态。原文是这个人,选项换了个人;原文是he,选项是she;
阅读的翻译要注意:准确、通俗;不要喽翻译,要简单通俗。
如果句子翻译不通,就把他当成小时候学的组句。

阅读理解的最核心法则:

准确理解文章 2. 准确映射到选项

1.

识破命题人的坑 4. 不要疏忽大意。

2.

在自己能力范围内的题目一定要作对,能拿到的分数一分也不能丢。

中考英语总复习:阅读理解

1.

A

Sixteen years ago a boy gave me an important gift. It was a smile.

It was the early autumn of my first year at a middle school, and my old school was far away. As a result, no one knew who I was. I was very lonely, and afraid to speak to anyone.

Every time I heard the other students talking and laughing, I felt my heart break. I couldn’t talk with anyone about my problems.

Then one day, when my classmates were talking happily with their friends, I was sitting at my desk unhappily as usual. At that moment, a boy entered the classroom. I didn’t know who he was. He passed by me and then turned back. He looked at me, with a smile.

That smile changed my life

Suddenly, I felt the touch of something bright and friendly. It made me feel happy and warm. started to talk with other students and made friends. Day by day, I became closer to everyone in my class. The boy with the lucky smile has become my best friend now.

One day I asked him why he had smiled, but he couldn’t remember doing so!

It doesn’t matter because all the dark days have gone. I believe that the world is what you think it is. If you think it is lonely, you might always be alone. So smile at the world and it will smile back.

( )1. When did the writer get the gift?

A.At the age of 16. (偷换概念,恰好还把选项放在A选项)

B.After making friends with the boy.

C.In the first year at a middle school.

D.After becoming closer to everyone in the class.

( )2. Why was the smile an important gift?要找原因,但是不会有reason,或者because出现,肯定会有能够抽象出是重要的、或者原因的。

A. Because the writer’s old school was far away.

B. Because the writer didn’t know who the boy was.

C. Because the smile didn’t mean anything to the boy.

D. Because the writer felt lonely and had no friends and it made her feel happy and warm.

( )3. Why didn’t the writer talk to anyone in her new school about her problems?

A. Because she was always unhappy.

B. Because she didn’t know anyone at the time.

C. Because she was in the first year at the junior high school.

D. Because she didn’t want her parents to worry about her.

( )4. How did the smile change her life?

A. She started to make friends. B. She became the best friend of the boy.

C. Her parents didn’t worry about her any more. D. She realized that she was lonely.

( )5. Where does she now think her feeling of unhappiness came from?

A. From her old school. B. From her parents.

C. From herself. D. From her classmates at the new school.

B

Almost every day, we discuss the topic of health, especially for kids. But what is health? “Health” means eating well, getting enough exercise, and having a healthy weight. Let’s read the following rules. They can help you stay healthy.

(1). Eat

We all know that eating fruit and vegetables can help us stay healthy, but many of us only eat our favorite food. Remember that we can only get the nutrition (营养) we need by eating different kinds of food, especially fruit and vegetables.

(2). Drink water and milk most often.

Everyone knows that water is important. Besides that, kids need plenty of calcium (钙) to grow strong bones, and milk is rich in it. Every day, you should drink at least three cups of milk, when you are 9 years old or older. You should also try to have less sugary drinks, like soda and coca. They include a lot of sugar. Sugar only includes calories (热量), not important nutrition.

(3). Listen to your body. When you are eating, notice how your body feels.

When your stomach feels comfortably full, stop eating. Eating too much makes you feel uncomfortable. If you do it too often, it can make you unhealthy and fat.

(4). Limit screen time.

What’s screen time? It’s the amount of time you spend watching TV, movies and playing computer games. The more time you spend on these sitting-down activities, the less time you spend playing sports, like basketball, and doing other activities like riding and swimming. Try to spend no more than 2 hours a day on screen time.

( )6. In this passage, “health” includes all of the following EXCEPT ______.

A. eating well B. doing more exercise

C. having a healthy weight D. wearing comfortable clothes

( )7. The underlined phrase “a variety of” means ______.

A. plenty of B. all kinds of C. the rest of D. a lot of

( )8. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Eating more fruit and vegetables is good for people.

B. We should eat and drink things with little sugar.

C. We should spend the same time on both sitting-down activities and sports.

D. When we are full, we should stop eating, no matter how delicious the food is.

( )9. Screen time is the time that you spend ______.

A. playing computer games B. watching movies

C. watching TV D. All of above

( )10. What’s the main idea of the passage?

A. How to eat healthy food. B. Eating and playing are both important.

C. Suggestions for staying healthy. D. Health is very important.

201

A

Birthdays are celebrated(庆祝)all over the world. Some ways to celebrate birthdays are rather similar from county to country: candles, cakes, and birthday wishes. But there are also different ways to celebrate birthdays. Here are a few:

( )1. When someone is having a birthday in Denmark, you can see _____ outside the window.

A.flowers B.presents C.a flag D.a chair

( )2. In _________ flowers are put on the chair of the birthday child.

A.Japan B.Denmark C.India D.Holland

( )3. In _______, only birthday children wear colored clothes to school.

A.India B.Holland C.Denmark D.Japan

( )4. In Japan, the birthday is more important for boys when they are ________.

A.15 B.7 C.5 D.3

( )5. The passage is mainly about __________.

A.similar ways of celebrating birthdays in some countries

B.different ways of celebrating birthdays in some countries

C.children’s birthdays in western countries

D.the importance of children’s birthdays

B

The weather is getting hotter. You are thirsty playing basketball or riding home from school. A cold drink may be just the thing. But be careful what you are drinking. Something that looks cool may not be good for your health.

There are plenty of "energy drinks" on the market. Most of them have beautiful colors and cool names. The lists on them tell you they are helpful to your health. Sounds great!

But after a careful check you may find that most energy drinks have lots of caffeine (咖啡因) in them. These drinks are especially aimed at young people, students, busy people and sports players. Makers sometimes say their drinks make you better at sports and can keep you awake. But be careful not to drink too much.

Caffeine makes your heart beat fast. Because of this, the International Olympic Committee has limited( 限制) its use. Caffeine in most energy drinks is at least as strong as that in a cup of coffee or tea. Possible health dangers have something to do with energy drinks. Just one box of energy drink can make you nervous, have difficulty sleeping and can even cause heart problems. Scientists say that teenagers should be discouragedfrom taking drinks with a lot of caffeine in them.

( )6. Many people like drinking energy drinks because of the following EXCEPT that ________.

A. they have beautiful colors and cool names

B. they have lots of caffeine

C. they can keep them awake and better at sports

D. they are said to be helpful to health

( )7. The main reason for people not to drink too much energy drinks is that they may cause _____.

A. heart problems B. nervousness

C. sleeping difficulty D. possible health dangers

( )8. The underlined word "discouraged" can be replaced(替换) with "________".

A. encouraged B. stopped

C. helped D. disliked

( )9. From the passage we can know that _________.

A. advertisements are important in getting people to buy energy drinks

B. energy drinks are helpful to teenagers' study

C. sports players need to drink a lot of energy drinks

D. energy drinks are especially aimed at teenagers

( )10. Which of the following can be the best title(标题) of the passage?

A. What's the Use of Energy Drinks? B. Who Can Drink Energy Drinks

C. What's That in Energy Drinks? D. Why Can't We Buy Energy Drinks?

C

As a child, I was really afraid of the dark and of getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some uncomfortable moments.

Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my own room at night that scared me so much. There was never complete darkness, but always a streetlight or passing

car lights, which made clothes on the back of a chair take on the shape of a wild animal. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw the curtains(窗帘) seem to move when there was no wind. A very low sound in the floor would seem a hundred times louder than in the day. My imagination (想象) would run wild, and my heart would beat fast. I would lie very still so that the "enemy(敌人) " would not discover me.

Another of my childhood fears was that I would get lost, especially on the way home from school. Every morning I got on the school bus right near my home. That was no problem. After school, though, when all the buses were lined up along the street, I was afraid that I would get in the wrong one and be taken to some other strange places. On school or family trips to a park or a museum, I wouldn't let the leaders out of my sight.

Perhaps one of the worst fears of all I had as a child was that of not being liked or accepted by others. Being popular was so important to me then, and the fear of not being liked was a serious one.

One of the processes(过程) growing up is being able to realize and overcomeour fears. Understanding the things that scared us as children helps us achieve greater success later in life.

( )11. The author had _________kind(s) of fears when she was a child.

A. one B. two C. three D. none

( )12. _________ would scare the author at night.

A. Streetlight and car lights B. Wild animals and enemies

C. Moving curtains and wind D. Strange sights and sounds

( )13. When she went to some other places, she would _________.

A. walk away without others B. take a bus by herself

C. follow others closely D. make sure not to take a wrong bus

( )14. Which of the following would be possibly true when she was a child?

A. She was usually popular among people. B. She was always the leader of the others.

C. She always' got poor grades. D. She was not at all liked by others.

( )15. The underlined word "overcome" means "_________" in Chinese.

A. 接受 B. 忍受 C. 信服 D. 克服

A

For most people, the word “fashion” means “clothes”. But people may ask the question, “What clothes are in fashion?” And they use the adjective “fashionable” in the same way:

“She was wearing a fashionable coat. His shirt was really a fashionable colour.”

But of course there are fashions in many things, not only in clothes. There are fashions in holidays, in restaurants, in films and books. There are even fashions in school subjects, jobs…and in languages.

Fashions change as time goes. If you look at pictures of people or things from the past, you will see that fashions have always changed. An English house of 1750 was different from one of 1650. A fashionable man in 1780 looked very different from his grandson in 1860.

Today fashions change very quickly. Some of this is natural. We hear about things much more quickly than in the past. Newspaper, radios, telephones and television send information from one country to another in a few hours.

there is money in fashion.

New fashions mean that people will buy new things, so you see

fashion

( )1. From this passage we know that “” means ______.

A. clothes B. many things

C. most of the popular things D. everything

( )2. Which of the following things is fashionable today?

A. Surfing on the Internet.

B. Having a family dinner on New Year’s Day.

C. Learning to sing songs on the radio.

D. Doing morning exercises at school.

( )3. Today fashions change very quickly because _______.

A. people read newspaper every day

B. radios send information from one country to another

C. new things that people like are often shown on TV

D. people quickly learn what is happening in the world

( )4. “There is money in fashion” means ______.

A. clothes are expensive B. money comes from fashion

C. people like new things D. fashions make big money

( )5. The best title for the passage is ______.

A. Fashions B. Fashion mean clothes

C. Fashion means money D.A fashionable colour

B

Once there was a piano player in a bar(酒吧). People came just to hear him play. But one night, a lady asked him to sing a song.

"I don't sing," said the man.

But the lady told the waiter, "I'm tired of listening to the piano. I want the player to sing!

The waiter shouted across the room, "Hey, friend! If you want to get paid, sing a song!'

So he did. He had never sung in public before. Now he was singing for the very first time! Nobody had ever heard the song Mona Lisa sung so beautifully!

He had talent(天赋) he was sitting on! He may have lived the rest of his life as a no-name piano player in a no-name bar. But once he found, by accident, that he could sing well, he went on working hard and became one of the best-known singers in the US. His name was Nat King Cole.

sit on

You, too, have skills and abilities. You may not feel that your talent is great, but it may be better than you think. With hard work, most skills can be improved. Besides, you may have no success at all ff you just your talent.

( )6. The lady asked the player to sing a song because _____.

A. she had paid him for this B. she knew him very well

C. she wanted to have a change D. she enjoyed his singing

( )7. Nat King Cole succeeded because _____.

A. the lady helped him a lot B. he caught the chance

C. he continued to play in the bar D. he stopped playing the piano

( )8. The words "sit on" in the passage probably mean"

A. fail to realize B. forget to use

C. try to develop D. manage to show

( )9. From the story we know if you have some talent, you should _____.

A. hide it and wait B. ask others for help

C. pay no attention to it D. work hard to improve yourself

( )10. Which could be the best title (标题) for the passage?

A. Sing in the Bar B. Achieve Success in Life

C. Never Lose Heart D. Find Your Hidden Talent

中考英语总复习:阅读理解

A

Can you imagine a world without the Internet? It’s surprising to think about it.

Now, China has more than 162 million Internet users, according to the China Internet Network Information Centre. This is the second highest number of user in the world after the United States. Today, 66%of Chinese “netizens (网民)” are teenagers. “They spend about thirteen hours every week online,” said Qian Hulin, an Internet expert(专家). Doctor Song in Beijing Xuanwu Hospital said about 14% of Chinese netizens who are teens often lasted over ten hours to play online games.

The main reasons why teenagers surf the Web are to search for information, to communicate with others and to have fun. On the Internet, teenagers can find out almost anything. And surfing the Web can help students with their homework and widen their knowledge.

Li Dong, a teacher at No. 41 Middle School in Shijiazhuang, likes her students to use the Internet. “When we talk in class, students who surf the Net usually know more background information than the others,” she said.

In addition, people can use the Internet to write letters or stories and send emails. Many teens keep in touch with their friends online. It is cheaper than phoning somebody far away and also much quicker.

( )1. _______ has the most Internet users in the world according to the article.

A. China B. America C. Canada D. Russia

( ) 2. There are about _______ Chinese netizens to surf about 13 hours every week.

A.107 million old B. 22.7 million old C. 107 million young D. 22.7 million young

( ) 3. Song said some teenagers continued _______ more than ten hours.

A. playing online games B. searching for information

C. chatting with their friends D. sending emails to others

( ) 4. Li Dong in No. 41 Middle School likes her students to use the Internet because she ______.

A. thinks surfing the net can help students spend less time on homework

B. thinks her students can get more background information than the others

C. wants her students to talk to her about their hobbies and interests

D. wants to know what her students do and think about at home

( )5. Which way is the cheapest and quickest to learn something about friends far away?

A. Giving them a call. B. Going to see them.

C. Writing a letter to them. D. Sending emails to them.

B

Everybody can suffer from stress. No matter what your age is, you can feel stressed out by things that are happening in your life. Teenagers, however, have many more opportunities to get stressed than people in any other age group. Being a teenager is hard. You are not a child any more, but you are not an adult, even though you have to deal with some very grown-up problems and decisions. Families can be one of the biggest causes of stress, such as problems with parents arguing at home. or problems with brothers and sisters. Teenagers also have a lot of stress from school, either from their teachers or from their friends. Some teenagers also feel stressed about choosing their education after high school. Getting a place at university can be very difficult and some cannot afford to go to university. The stress about getting a job when finishing school is hard for some teenagers. There are so many young people finishing school and not enough jobs for them. Sadly, there is nothing we can do to remove these causes of stress from the 1ives of teenagers, but you can learn the best way to deal with it. Talking to people is one of the best ways to deal with stress. It may sound simple, but it is true. A problem shared is a problem halved.

( )6. Why is being a teenager often difficult?

A.Because even though you are not an adult, you must deal with adult problems.

B. Because even though you are an adult, you must deal with children’s problems.

C. Because even though you are a teenager, you must do a lot of homework.

D. Because adults often make them feel stressed.

( )7. Families can add to the stress a teenager might experience ______.

A. by asking them to go to university

B. by helping them with their homework

C. as teenagers quarrel with their parents, and their brothers or sisters

D. as families never support their children enough

( )8. Why can leaving school be a stressful time for teenagers?

A. Because they will be leaving their favourite teachers.

B. Because many people’s favourite memories are at school.

C. Because they may worry about getting a place at university.

D. Because they may worry about becoming an adult.

( )9. Why can finding a job after finishing school be difficult?

A. Because there is a lot of competition for jobs.

B. Because there are no jobs.

C. Because a job is more difficult than school work.

D. Because there is a lot of competition for places at university.

( )10. We can deal with the stress in our life ______.

A. by not trying to find a job

B. by forgetting about our problems

C. by getting a place at university

D. by sharing our problems with our friends

<
>
秒词邦为中国三大词刚(秒词邦/百词斩/乐词),所有单词模块及软件界面设计都全部配套高考考研四六级等题型。这是中国首家分题型/分考点/分知识模块秒杀核心单词的一款真正的个性化定制化的单词软件,与普通的大众化单词APP有着显著区别。经过几年的匠心打磨,秒词邦即具备普通单词软件的核心功能,又不计成本地为了满足考生的真正需求进行极致的个性化设计与研发。

公司地址

湖南省长沙市天心区财富中心大厦

0731-83998949(服务时间:9:00-18:00)

2841922010@qq.com

新浪微博 官方微信官方微信

联系我们

服务电话:0731-83998949
官方微信:miaocibang
微信小程序:秒词邦
网址:www.miaocibang.cn

返回顶部