2018年高考英语阅读理解分题型汇总整理 秒词邦微

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2018年高考英语阅读理解分题型汇总整理
秒词邦微信小程序


2018年高考英语阅读理解分题型汇总

1. The most amazing thing about her, however, is that she’s even swimming at all.
翻译:然而,最令人惊讶的事情是她甚至在游泳。
分析:The most amazing thing about her 是主语,that引导表语从句。
2. The tail had to be strong enough to stay on Grace as she swam but soft enough that it wouldn’t hurt her.
翻译:这尾巴必须强大到足以保持在格瑞丝身上当她游的时候,而且又得足够柔软以至于不会弄疼她。
分析:as引导时间状语从句。
3. This month, Grace will star in Dolphin Tale, a film that focuses on her rescue and recovery.
翻译:本月,格瑞丝将明星在海豚的故事,电影,关注她的救援和恢复。
分析:a film 是Dolphin Tale 的同位语;that引导定语从句,修饰a film。
(2013年高考福建卷)
A
When I was 12, all I wanted was a signet (图章) ring. They were the "in" thing and it seemed every girl except me had one. On my 13th birthday, my Mum gave me a signet ring with my initials (姓名首字母) carved into it. I was in heaven.
What made it even more special was that it was about the only thing that wasn't being "replaced". We'd been burnt out in fires that swept through our area earlier that year and had lost everything—so most of the “new" stuff (东西) we got was really just to replace what we'd lost. But not my ring. My ring was new.
Then, only one month later, I lost it. I took it off before bed and it was missing in the morning. I was sad and searched everywhere for it. But it seemed to have disappeared. Eventually, I gave up and stopped looking for it. And two years later, we sold the house and moved away.
Years passed, and a couple of moves later, I was visiting my parents' when Mum told me that she had something for me. It wasn't my birthday, nor was it Easter or Christmas or any other gift-giving occasion. Mum noticed my questioning look. “You’ll recognize this one," she said, smiling.
Then she handed me a small ring box. I took it from her and opened it to find my beautiful signet ring inside. The family who had bought our house 13 years earlier had recently decided to do some redecorations, which included replacing the carpets. When they pulled the carpet up in my old bedroom, they found the ring. As it had my initials carved into it, they realized who owned the ring. They'd had it professionally cleaned up by a jeweler before sending it to my mother. And it still fits me.
56. The underlined word "in" in the first paragraph probably means "_____".
A. fashionable B. available C. practical D. renewable
57. When she got the ring back, the writer was about _____.
A. 13 years old B. 15 years old C. 26 years old D. 28 years old
58. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The writer's family moved several times.
B. The writer never stopped looking for her ring.
C. The writer's ring was cleaned up by the new house owner.
D. The writer lost her ring in the morning when she took it off.
59. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. My New Ring B. Lost and Found C. Lost and Replaced D. An Expensive Ring
【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。表述情节:我13岁生日时得到一枚署名戒指,然后不久不慎失落,尽管努力寻找却未得,在搬家之后多年,被买家意外发现,最终我失而复得这枚戒指。
【解析】
56. A. 词义猜测题。难度:难。旧词新意。根据题干,定位第一段句首:When I was 12, all I wanted was a signet(图章) ring. They were the "in" thing and it seemed every girl except me had one. 可知:我梦寐以求一枚署名戒指是因为似乎每个小姑娘都有一枚这样的戒指。in, adj. 在里面的;时髦的。与A. fashionable同义。
57. D。细节理解题。难度:偏易。由第一段得知,13岁生日得到戒指。第三段最后一句话:And two years later, we sold the house and moved away。第五段第三、四句:The family who had bought our house 13 years earlier had recently decided to do some redecorations, which included replacing the carpets. When they pulled the carpet up in my old bedroom, they found the ring。可知15岁时搬家,13年后戒指失而复得,这年应该28岁。
58. A。细节判断题。难度:中。由第三段可知:15岁那年,作者一家搬家了。在第四段段首:Years passed, and a couple of moves later,可知,在这些年中他们又搬过几次家。A正确。
59. B。主旨大意题。难度:中。全文描述了一枚失落15年的戒指重新回到主人手中。
干扰项排除: 文章第二段首句:What made it even more special was that it was about the only thing that wasn't being "replaced".可见:这枚戒指不可替代。故排除C. Lost and Replaced。最后一句:“My ring was new.”但时隔多年,第五段最后第二句:They'd had it professionally cleaned up by a jeweler before sending it to my mother.对方请专业的珠宝商对这枚戒指进行了处理,说明它已经不新了。故排除A. My New Ring。文章未曾谈及戒指的价格,故排除D. An Expensive Ring。
D
Pride and Prejudice for the Modern Woman
Let us imagine how Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen's most famous work,
might be updated, 200 years on.
Austen's popularity is rooted in her intelligence. But today she would certainly have had a very different life, as would her characters. Here's my own suggestion. . .
It is a truth finally and universally acknowledged that a single woman with brains deserves to have equal opportunities to men, however disadvantaged she may feel by sexism.
“My dear husband," said his hopeful wife one day, “have you heard that the local store, standing empty for so long, is taken over by a bright young businesswoman?"
Her dull and indifferent (漠不关心的) husband replied that he had not. "But it is, it is," she replied excitedly. Mr Dull-Husband made no reply.
"Don't you want to know her plans?" she cried with some impatience.
"Well, clearly you think it matters to your silly little head... so I'd better listen.”
"Well, my dear, the rumour (传言) is that she has already set up a string of successful businesses in northern England, though how a woman can know anything about that is beyond me. She will move in herself next month. "What is her name?" "Bingley.”
"Is she married or single?"
"What a question! And none of your business. But her coming will be a fine thing for our five boys. “How so? How can it possibly affect them? "
"My dear love; those lazy boys need something to wake them up. There are bound to be jobs going. "
“Is that her point in settling here? Surely as a woman she has simply taken a fancy to the place. "
“Nonsense, my love, how little you've noticed the world has changed. She's got a first-rate degree and some sort of business qualification, I'm told. She surely needs one of our boys! Perhaps you might give her a call. "
“Me? No. Perhaps you can take an interest. You still have your looks, after all. She may even offer you a job. “
“Oh, that's not likely. These new chances belong to the younger generation. But now you mention it, I think I'll go along all the same. "
And Mrs Bennet went along. That was 10 years ago. She is now managing director of a FTSE-listed company.
... It would remain the case, of course, that Mrs Bennet would be one of very few women on the company board, that her salary would be lower than her male colleagues, her bonus of a more "female" dimension and her lifespan (年限) among the city's business leaders shorter than theirs. Still, she'd no doubt have enjoyed Davos—and might even have hobnobbed (攀谈) with influential figures.
67. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Austen was born 200 years ago.
B. Austen rewrote Pride and Prejudice.
C. Austen's success lies in her wisdom.
D. Austen's updated work gains popularity.
68. The underlined part in the passage suggests that Mrs Bennet ____.
A. had mixed feelings of admiration and surprise about Bingley
B. felt kind of worried and doubtful about Bingley
C. was extremely anxious to meet Bingley
D. had a great curiosity about Bingley
69. In the eyes of Mrs Bennet, Bingley surely needed one of their boys to ____.
A. get married to B. work for her
C. help her move in D. take over her store
70. What does the writer intend to tell us?
A. Women with brains can also be as successful as men.
B. Women have to pay a high price for success.
C. A judgment must be made free from prejudice.
D. Sex discrimination still exists nowadays.
【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者虚拟了一个类似于200年前简.奥斯丁的《傲慢与偏见》的故事。主人翁班内特太太听说一个聪明年轻的女商人要来他们家附近接管一家商店,她对她充满了惊讶羡慕等的复杂情感,但同时却不忘借此为她的孩子谋一份工作,自己也趁机进了公司,成为其中的一名懂事,但薪水,奖金都比男性低,说明女性依然在遭受歧视。
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